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Know your sugar numbers: all about diabetes mellitus

About


Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic condition that affects your body's ability to utilize the food.
There was a global prevalence of 382 million people with diabetes in 2013, expected to rise to 592 million by 2035. Type 2 diabetes accounting for the majority (>85%) of total diabetes prevalence [2].


Causes: absence of insulin or insufficient insulin production or ineffective insulin
There are three major types of diabetes:

- Type 1 diabetes: by birth; insulin-dependent diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes: Adult-onset; affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose).
- Gestational diabetes: A form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women.


Symptoms


- Frequent urination accompanied by excessive thirst
- Unexplained weight loss
- Extreme hunger even when the person is regularly eating
- Sudden vision losses
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- Very dry skin, which can a be a sign of dehydration
- Sores that are slow to heal and more infections than usual, because of the weakened immune system


Treatment


Self-care
Diet
Individualized diet planned with the help of a registered clinical dietitian is important. The diet should be high in fiber, fruits and vegetables; and low in simple sugars and saturated fats.


Medication
Blood glucose lowering or insulin-related medications may be prescribed depending upon the severity of occurrence.


Specialists
At mfine, you can connect with a team of doctor and dietitian who will aid in your journey of healing and treatment.

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