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Andrologists: Doctors for Male Infertility

Written by Dr NIkit Mahale, MBBS, MPHTM (USA) Andrologist

Last updated on 19 August 2020

Andrology is the branch of medicine that deals with men’s health, particularly relating to their reproductive system, sexual dysfunction and urological problems specific only to males.

Who is an andrologist?

An andrologist is a medical doctor specializing in men’s health, particularly relating to their reproductive system and urological problems specific to males, such as their reproductive organs, genitals, and genitourinary system, including kidneys and adrenal glands.

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What does an andrologist do?

They look after male reproductive issues and  anomalies of genital organs, testes, the prostate gland and also the genitourinary system that includes the urinary tract, urinary bladder, kidneys, adrenal glands and urethra.

How often should you see an andrologist?

You should see an andrologist in case of the following diseases specific to the male reproductive system:

  • Male infertility. It’s a condition wherein the person is unable to conceive. Infertility can result from low sperm count, blockages that prevent the delivery of sperms, injuries to genitals, damage to sperms due to certain radiations etc.
  • Erectile dysfunction. Erection occurs when blood flows into the blood vessels of the penis. Insufficient blood flow to the penis can result from psychological problems, such as performance anxiety, stress, or nervous system disorder or hormonal imbalance.
  • Premature ejaculation. The exact cause of premature ejaculation is not known. It’s thought to be caused due to psychological factors that include depression, anxiety, history of sexual repression, relationship problems, etc. It’s also associated with an imbalance of serotonin levels in your brain. Lower amounts of serotonin levels shorten the ejaculation time and vice versa. Whatever the cause, you need to consult your doctor for the correct diagnosis and treatment.
  • Phimosis and paraphimosis. It’s a condition observed most often in children. Phimosis is a condition wherein the foreskin cannot be pulled back. Paraphimosis is a condition where the foreskin does not retract back over the head of the penis. 
  • Peyronie’s disease. It’s a condition where there is a significant curving of the penis resulting in either painful erections or that may interfere with sexual functioning. It’s thought that Peyronies disease is caused as a result of repeated injury to the penis.
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It’s a condition wherein the prostate gland enlarges. It’s a form of a non-cancerous tumour obstructing the proper flow of urine.
  • Testicular cancer. It’s a serious health condition that could lead to other health complications or death. Consult an andrologist immediately if you find a lump or a swelling on your testes.

What degrees do you need to be an andrologist?

Andrology is the branch of medicine dealing with the study of diseases and functions of the male reproductive and genitourinary systems. Andrologists in India have an MBBS degree and a postgraduate degree in sexual medicine or certification in sexual health and andrology or urology.

How to find a good andrologist?

To find a good andrologist, speak to a family member or friend to refer you to a good andrologist. You could also search online for male infertility specialist doctors; Google does a great job of providing services closest to you, i.e., they’d connect you with an andrologist near you. Usually, there are ratings and reviews online for the quality of services provided to help you decide what’s best for you.

How to choose an andrologist?

Choosing the right male specialist doctor is one of the most important and personal decisions you would make. Here are seven crucial tips to help you choose the right andrologist:

  1. Research. There are many andrologists out there. Decide upon the one you would be comfortable with; someone with a good reputation, communication and soft skills.
  2. Get the proper referrals. Speak with your family member, a General Physician, colleagues, friends to help you connect with the right endocrine expert.
  3. Check for licencing and credentials of the andrologist.
  4. Consider the years of experience of the doctor.
  5. Consider the communication style of the andrologist. Choose a doctor you would gel along with quickly. Developing a rapport helps in communicating efficiently with the andrologist. If possible, read patient reviews to help you make the right decisions.
  6. It’s good to know if you would be covered under the insurance plan that you have.

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  • Ask the doctor about your symptoms, problems, medications, and more during your consultation.
  • You may have to submit your medical history and records if any, so the doctor can better understand your condition.
  • Post teleconsultation, you could also follow up with your doctor online.
  • Additionally, you can also buy medicines online and get lab tests done using the MFine app, all from the comfort of your home.

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Frequently Asked Questions on Andrologist Near Me

What should I ask my andrologist?

You need to have at least some basic knowledge of male reproductive organs and genitourinary systems to ask good questions. Here is a list of a few questions you could ask your nephrologist or a general physician to get started:

  • Why have I been referred to an andrologist?
  • What’s causing my reproductive organs or genitourinary systems not to function properly?
  • Is there any diet I need to avoid/consume?
  • Is there any physical activity I need to avoid/do?
  • How do I take care of my reproductive organs and genitourinary systems?

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