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There’s a way out of your asthma: Symptoms, causes, and treatments
Bronchial asthma is a condition that results in the inflammation and narrowing of the airway.
A large number of people (as 300 million patients) worldwide suffer from asthma.
Symptoms can present themselves in ways of exacerbations (flare-ups), attacks, or episodes.
Allergen elements and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be the significant causes.
Exacerbations in children and adults are caused by common respiratory viruses.
Panicking in the instance of an attack can aggravate the problem.
Bronchial asthma, generally referred to as asthma, can simply be defined by the contraction of muscles in the airway, thus narrowing and obstructing airflow. Exacerbations especially are characterized by intensive swelling of bronchial tubes, making general breathing very difficult.
Self-diagnosable: The main symptoms of bronchial asthma in the form of exacerbations are quite prominent and direct. A previously experienced exacerbation or a history of milder asthma episodes makes a person predisposed to a more acute attack.
- Patient might suffer:
- Wheezing and coughing
- Tightness in the chest
- Shortness of breath
The above signs are that of a mild, controllable exacerbation that can subside within a short period of time with or without medication. Some more serious signs indicating an acute exacerbation are:
- Agitation and hyperventilation
- Peaked heart rate and declining lung function
- Difficulty in breathing and speaking(consequently)
Self-care: Care should be taken by chronic patients of the disorder who have recurring instances of asthma. A patient who has suffered mild symptoms of the condition should be careful, even in cases of slight, infrequent recurrences.
Medication: Medical treatment usually entails asthma inhalers and pills. In case of allergen-incited asthma, antihistamines are also prescribed. Other long-term medication can also be prescribed for severe or chronic bronchial asthma.
Specialist: Along with a physical examination, common procedures for diagnosis and treatment of asthma include spirometry, peak expiratory flow and chest X-ray.
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