PIVD Lumbar Spine: Lumbar Herniated Disk Treatment And Care
Prolapsed Intervertebral Disk (PIVD) is also known as Herniated Disk. Herniated Lumbar Disk refers to the displacement or rupturing of the nucleus pulposus or the annulus fibrosis through a tear in the annulus. an infection caused by Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM).
60% of asymptomatic people of about the age of 45 have a very high chance of presenting a disc bulge in an MRI. 
The underlying causes of Herniated Lumbar Disk are aging, genetics, excess and heavy manual activities, obesity, sitting for long hours, and postural stress.
The symptoms of Herniated Lumbar Disk depend on the location of the pain and common ones are:
- Pain in arm, buttocks, leg, foot or back
- Muscle spasms
- Stiffness in neck
- Tingling sensation
- Loss of bladder/ bowel control (Cauda Equina Syndrome)
Diagnosis for Herniated Lumbar Disk is done by observing the medical history of the patient. Diagnostic tests include:
- Physical examination
- CT scan
Urgent medical attention is required in case of Cauda Equina Syndrome.
Treatment of Herniated Lumbar Disk involves a combination of proper self care techniques and medications recommended by a doctor. Following are the treatment options:
- Adequate and controlled rest.
- Support in the form of lumbosacral belt, corset etc.
- Maintaining proper posture as recommended by physical therapist/doctor.
- Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs
- Spinal Surgery
- Muscle Relaxants
- Steroid Injections
- Spinal Manipulation for relieving pain
Specialists: At mfine, our goal is to get our patients the best treatment through informed decision and diagnosis of their medical conditions.