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Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

About

Pregnancy complication of the extreme along with persistent nausea and vomiting.

Around 1-1.5% of pregnant women suffer from Hyperemesis Gravidarum

  • Also called Normal Hyperemesis Gravidarum
  • Women having a history of mild HG in their family are at a greater risk of being affected.
  • It is caused by hormonal imbalance, deficiency of vitamin B or trophoblastic disease. However, actual reasons are still unknown.
  • There is no known prevention for this but can be managed in different ways.

Mild HG symptoms generally appear between the 4th and 6th week of pregnancy and get better by 20th week (but not always). Excessive vomiting during pregnancy leads to dehydration.

Symptoms

  • Self-diagnosable
  • Persistent vomiting and nausea are the most common symptoms.

People may experience:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of weight (5% of body weight due to vomiting and nausea)
  • Dehydration
  • Food Aversions
  • Dizziness and extreme fatigue
  • Low Blood pressure Also, common: Jaundice, fainting, rapid heart rates, confusion, salivation, depression

Treatment

Self-Care: Rest is essential to manage the condition, intake of ginger and taking small meals have been known to help.

Medications: All the medications should be taken only after the prescription from doctors. Receiving fluid through Intravenous fluids (IV) and tube feeding as per a doctor’s recommendation.

Specialists: For more information and consultation, contact the doctor. mfine can also help you to deal with it. At mfine, you can connect with a doctor without having to wait in long queues. Check out the app today!

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Dr. Prakash Kini

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Dr. Rani Nandakumar

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Dr. Vidya Desai Mohan

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Cloudnine Hospital, Old Airport Road

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Dr. K Swarajya Lakshmi

Dr. K Swarajya Lakshmi

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Ankura Hospital for Women & Children

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Dr. Gohar Shahean

Dr. Gohar Shahean

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Primecare Hospital

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