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Asymptomatic premature menopause: All we need to know

About

It is the loss of normal functioning of ovaries before the age of 40 years. It is the condition in which the ovaries fail to produce normal levels of estrogen and eggs.

Also known as premature ovarian failure.

There are less than 1 million cases in India each year. (5)

- Not self-treatable
- Usually self-diagnosable
- Lab tests or imaging may be required
- Chronic: can persist for years or can be lifelong

Causes

The primary cause of premature menopause is the loss of egg production by ovaries, which may be caused due to
- Chromosomal defects
- Exposure to toxins: due to chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- Autoimmune diseases

Complications due to premature menopause
- Infertility
- Osteoporosis
- Depression and stress
- Heart diseases
- Dementia

Symptoms

Self diagnosable:
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Infertility
- Night sweats
- Vaginal dryness
People may experience irritability and hot flashes
Also common: Decreased sexual desire

Diagnosis
Diagnosis: Doctors may suggest pregnancy tests, follicle stimulating hormone test, estradiol test, prolactin test, karyotype, and FMR 1 gene testing to confirm the diagnosis of premature menopause.

Treatment

Medicines: the doctor may suggest estrogen therapy, calcium and vitamin D supplements which may prove to be helpful for the patient.

Specialists: For further concerns, contact a doctor or a gynaecologist. At mfine, you will receive a holistic treatment plan for optimum health.

Gynecologist

Dr. Punitha Rangaraj

Dr. Punitha Rangaraj

MBBS, DGO

47+ years exp

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Belle Vue's Cambridge Hospital

Bangalore

Gynecologist

Dr. Prakash Kini

Dr. Prakash Kini

MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DGO

41+ years exp

...More

Cloudnine Hospital, Malleshwaram

Bangalore

Gynecologist

Dr. Rani Nandakumar

Dr. Rani Nandakumar

MBBS, MD (OG), DGO

40+ years exp

...More

Cloudnine Hospital - Chennai

Chennai

Gynecologist

Dr. Vidya Desai Mohan

Dr. Vidya Desai Mohan

MD, DGO, MAMS

40+ years exp

...More

Cloudnine Hospital, Old Airport Road

Bangalore

Gynecologist

Dr. K Swarajya Lakshmi

Dr. K Swarajya Lakshmi

MD, DGO

40+ years exp

...More

Ankura Hospital for Women & Children

Hyderabad

Gynecologist

Dr. Gohar Shahean

Dr. Gohar Shahean

MD (OBG), DGO

39+ years exp

...More

Primecare Hospital

Bangalore

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