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Asymptomatic premature menopause: All we need to know


It is the loss of normal functioning of ovaries before the age of 40 years. It is the condition in which the ovaries fail to produce normal levels of estrogen and eggs.

Also known as premature ovarian failure.

There are less than 1 million cases in India each year. (5)

- Not self-treatable
- Usually self-diagnosable
- Lab tests or imaging may be required
- Chronic: can persist for years or can be lifelong


The primary cause of premature menopause is the loss of egg production by ovaries, which may be caused due to
- Chromosomal defects
- Exposure to toxins: due to chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- Autoimmune diseases

Complications due to premature menopause
- Infertility
- Osteoporosis
- Depression and stress
- Heart diseases
- Dementia


Self diagnosable:
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Infertility
- Night sweats
- Vaginal dryness
People may experience irritability and hot flashes
Also common: Decreased sexual desire

Diagnosis: Doctors may suggest pregnancy tests, follicle stimulating hormone test, estradiol test, prolactin test, karyotype, and FMR 1 gene testing to confirm the diagnosis of premature menopause.


Medicines: the doctor may suggest estrogen therapy, calcium and vitamin D supplements which may prove to be helpful for the patient.

Specialists: For further concerns, contact a doctor or a gynaecologist. At mfine, you will receive a holistic treatment plan for optimum health.

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