Deep Vein Thrombosis: Symptoms and Cause
Also known as DVT, deep vein thrombophlebitis; DVT is a blood clot deep in the vein, often in the legs.
(More than 1 million cases in India)
- Needs medical diagnosis
- Always requires lab tests and/or imaging
- Medium-term condition; can resolve within months
- Can be serious because clots can loosen and lodge in lungs
- May or may not cause leg pain or swelling
DVT occurs when blood clots form in one or more deep veins in the body, typically in legs. It can cause swelling or pain but often it has no symptoms. It can occur due to underlying medical conditions affecting the way blood clots. Can also occur if you are immobile for a long time, post-surgery or accident, or if one is bed-ridden.
Ages affected - between 14-18 sometimes; between 19-40 sometimes; 41-60 + more often; 60+ more often
Requires medical diagnosis
Symptoms may include leg swelling or pain but there can be no symptoms.
People may experience
Pain areas: In the calf, foot or leg
Also likely: Swelling in extremities, tenderness or warm skin
Treatment comprises blood thinners. It includes medication and use of compression stockings.
Self-Care: Avoid injuries or falls, playing contact sports. Wear compression stockings, protective gear or use walker/cane. Take medication regularly and at the same time each day. Consult a doctor if taking other medication.
Medications: Blood thinners, also known as anti-coagulation to prevent clots from growing or breaking off.
Specialists: Primary Physician, Emergency Medicine Doctor, and Hematologist.
Critical: Consult a doctor for medical advice.
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