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Hyperprolactinemia: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment


Hyperprolactinemia refers to the condition wherein the level of prolactin in the blood is very high.

Excess levels of prolactin can be identified in almost 10% of the population.

It can affect both men and women.

  • Not self-treatable
  • Not self-diagnosable
  • Lab tests are required

Causes of hyperprolactinemia
Major and common causes:

  • Forming of a benign tumor on the pituitary gland
  • Diseases affecting the brain
  • Other causes include:
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Cirrhosis of liver
  • Kidney failure
  • Antidepressants and antipsychotics
  • Antihypertensives and antinauseals


For women, when occurring outside of pregnancy, symptoms may include:

  • Infertility
  • Abnormal lactation and breast pain
  • Irregular and infrequent periods
  • Disappearance of ovulation periods
  • Loss of libido and pain during sexual intercourse due to vaginal dryness
  • For men, symptoms may include:
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Development of breast tissue and lactation
  • Infertility
  • Loss of libido


Medicines that help to reduce the level of prolactin are recommended. If any tumor is detected, doctors may recommend surgery to remove the tumor. Radiation may be given if medicines and surgery are ineffective.

It is important to get in touch with a doctor to understand the cause of the condition and effectively work on managing it.
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