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Everything to Understand About High Blood Pressure

About

Increased pressure of blood flowing in the veins.

Nearly 62,000 unnecessary deaths from stroke and heart attacks occur due to uncontrolled blood pressure. [1]

1. Treatable by medical professionals
2. Medically-diagnosed
3. Lab tests and imaging are sometimes done
4. Chronic: may last for years or life

HBP or hypertension is very common. It elevates the risk of strokes, heart attacks, kidney disease, heart failure, vascular dementia and more. Age, obesity, smoking, inactivity, family history, excess salt or caffeine intake and lack of sleep constitute the risk factors for developing high blood pressure.

Symptoms

1. Severe headaches
2. Breathlessness
3. Pain in the chest
4. Fatigue, confusion, flushing
5. Problematic vision
6. Bleeding from the nose and in urine
7. Irregular heartbeat when BP is too high
8. Pounding in chest, neck, or ears when BP is too high

Treatment

Self-care: Quit smoking, lose excess weight and exercise regularly. Increase intake of fruits, vegetables, whole-grain foods, nuts, fish and poultry. Reduce consuming sugary drinks, sweets, red meat, foods with high salt, or cholesterol, saturated or trans fats.

Medications: ACE inhibitors, angiotensin-2 receptor blockers, beta blockers, alpha blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers, and renin inhibitors are common types of medicines prescribed.

Specialists: Consult a doctor if the symptoms are evident and the condition worsens. At mfine, we provide accurate diagnosis and comprehensive treatment plans for all health concerns under a team of qualified doctors.

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