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Generalized Edema: Symptoms, treatment and medication

About:

Generalized edema indicates fluid accumulation which affects the complete body instead of any particular organ or body parts. Medical evaluation of the generalized edema can be done by visiting a family doctor or a specialist who is treating you for other medical issues.

There are some basic studies which are prescribed by a doctor to detect generalized edema [3]

● Urinalysis
● Complete blood cell count
● Serum chemistry panel test in addition to the study of total protein and albumin levels.
● 24-hour urine collection to check protein and creatinine clearance measure

Generalized edema is one of the key symptoms of heart failure when there is a rise in the hydrostatic pressure of the blood vessels. In some specific medical conditions like nephrotic syndrome and liver failure, there is a fall of oncotic pressure. Such underlying medical conditions can be one of the prime reasons behind generalized edema which affects several organs and peripheral tissues.

Symptoms:

Self-diagnosable
Symptoms include severe swelling of body parts or overall swelling of the body with pain, difficulty in walking and heaviness in the whole body or some particular part of the body

People may experience

● Food allergy or allergic reaction on the tongue causing breathing problems
● The problem in blood flow
● Ulcer on the skin
● Shortness of breath with low oxygen levels in the blood.

Treatment:

Self care: It is essential that an individual lowers the consumption of salt in order to maintain water content. Try to move as often as possible. Try not to exert too much pressure on the affected feet

Medicines:
If a blood clot develops in the leg, it can be treated with medicine for blood thinners. Once the clot breaks down the drainage will be back to normal. A tumor which blocks the blood or lymph can sometimes be reduced medicinally.

Specialist treatments:
Movement exercises: The professional physiotherapists at Mfine can help in moving the muscles of the body which are under the effect of edema especially legs which can pump back excess fluid towards the heart.
Controlled level of Salt intake: Consult your doctor to know the amount of salt you need to consume. Excess salt in the body can degrade the edema condition.
Surgery: If the clot cannot be removed with the help of medicine, the doctor may recommend surgery or even chemotherapy.
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