Lesions in the Mouth? Read About Aphthous Ulcers/Canker Sores
Aphthous ulcers are shallow lesions that develop on the soft tissues in the mouth or at the base of your gums.
Females are more affected than males, and about 20% of the population gets these ulcers or canker sores. 
- Treatable with medications
- Laboratory tests are required in cases of recurrent ulcers
- Acute: Improves in one or two weeks
These are typically recurrent ulcers, round, or oval shaped, on the inside of lips, cheeks, or underneath the tongue. Usually, females also get ulcers around the genitals; and these are painful and swell up quickly. Nutritional deficiency, viral infections, physical injury, sleeplessness, emotional stress, and even menstruation can affect the mucosal tissues and cause these ulcers.
Ages affected: 10-40 most often; 40 and above-moderately affected; and under 10- least affected
People may experience
- Ulcers: That are shallow, usually minor but can be major or herpetiform.
- Affected areas: Inside of cheeks and lips, under the tongue, base of gums, or around genitals.
- Color: Normally, white or yellowish with a red border
- Pain and swelling: In genital ulcers
- Difficulties: While eating or drinking
Self-care: Use small-headed, soft toothbrush, avoid harsh foods that may cause any trauma to the ulcers. A diet that is replete with nutrition is recommended in case deficiencies are the cause of canker sores. Antibacterial mouthwashes or medical toothpastes can also help.
Medications: Topical corticosteroids are mainly given to patients, while nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also shorten the healing time and provide pain relief. When these do not help, systemic immunomodulators are required.
Specialists: Several blood tests are done to evaluate the cause of recurring or severe ulcers. Specialists may resort to low-level laser therapy for effective relief.
At mfine, we strive to bring to you expert medical services on demand.
1st Consultation Free
Top Doctors in General Physician for Aphthous Ulcer
Dr. Faiyaz Ali
MD - General Medicine, MRCP, MBBS
MD - General Medicine, MRCP, MBBSGeneral Physician
38+ years exp
Dr. Belliappa CMA
MD - Aerospace Medicine, DIH, Diploma in Hospital Administration
MD - Aerospace Medicine, DIH, Diploma in Hospital AdministrationGeneral Physician
27+ years exp
Dr. S. Ravindra Kumar
MD- General Medicine
MD- General MedicineGeneral Physician
26+ years exp
Dr. Sunil Keshu
MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma in Health Administration (PGDHA), HSE
MBBS, Post Graduate Diploma in Health Administration (PGDHA), HSEGeneral Physician
22+ years exp
Dr. Chhavi Goyal Mehra
MD- Internal Medicine, PGP- Diabetology
MD- Internal Medicine, PGP- DiabetologyGeneral Physician
21+ years exp
Dr. Niran Uthaiah
MBBS, Graduate Diploma in Family Medicine, Singapore, GDGM
MBBS, Graduate Diploma in Family Medicine, Singapore, GDGMGeneral Physician
19+ years exp
Other Medical Conditions