Location

Consult City's Top Doctors, The Minute You Need To

Your First consultation is
Free!

50
General Physicians

48343
Cases done
by General Physicians

31
General Physician Hospitals

Lesions in the Mouth? Read About Aphthous Ulcers/Canker Sores

About

Aphthous ulcers are shallow lesions that develop on the soft tissues in the mouth or at the base of your gums.

Females are more affected than males, and about 20% of the population gets these ulcers or canker sores. [1]

  • Treatable with medications
  • Self-diagnosable
  • Laboratory tests are required in cases of recurrent ulcers
  • Acute: Improves in one or two weeks

These are typically recurrent ulcers, round, or oval shaped, on the inside of lips, cheeks, or underneath the tongue. Usually, females also get ulcers around the genitals; and these are painful and swell up quickly. Nutritional deficiency, viral infections, physical injury, sleeplessness, emotional stress, and even menstruation can affect the mucosal tissues and cause these ulcers.

Ages affected: 10-40 most often; 40 and above-moderately affected; and under 10- least affected

Symptoms

Self-diagnosable

People may experience

  • Ulcers: That are shallow, usually minor but can be major or herpetiform.
  • Affected areas: Inside of cheeks and lips, under the tongue, base of gums, or around genitals.
  • Color: Normally, white or yellowish with a red border
  • Pain and swelling: In genital ulcers
  • Difficulties: While eating or drinking

Treatment

Self-care: Use small-headed, soft toothbrush, avoid harsh foods that may cause any trauma to the ulcers. A diet that is replete with nutrition is recommended in case deficiencies are the cause of canker sores. Antibacterial mouthwashes or medical toothpastes can also help.

Medications: Topical corticosteroids are mainly given to patients, while nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also shorten the healing time and provide pain relief. When these do not help, systemic immunomodulators are required.

Specialists: Several blood tests are done to evaluate the cause of recurring or severe ulcers. Specialists may resort to low-level laser therapy for effective relief.
At mfine, we strive to bring to you expert medical services on demand.

General Physician

Dr. Arun Noah

Dr. Arun Noah

MBBS, MPH

42+ years exp

...More

RxDx Healthcare

Bangalore

General Physician

Dr. Faiyaz Ali

Dr. Faiyaz Ali

MD - General Medicine, MRCP

38+ years exp

...More

Royal Bangalore Hospital

Bangalore

General Physician

Dr. Belliappa CMA

Dr. Belliappa CMA

MD - Aerospace Medicine, DIH, PGDHA, MBA Hospital Administration

28+ years exp

...More

Century Hospital

Hyderabad

General Physician

Dr. Vidyasagar C R

Dr. Vidyasagar C R

MBBS, MD

25+ years exp

...More

Kosmoderma Skin and Hair Clinics

Bangalore

General Physician

Dr. P Gautam

Dr. P Gautam

MD (Internal Medicine), USA & MD (General Medicine)

25+ years exp

...More

KIMS Hospital

Hyderabad

General Physician

Dr. Shobha Naidu

Dr. Shobha Naidu

MD - Internal Medicine

24+ years exp

...More

Bangalore

View More on App

Other Medical Conditions

Other Specialities

Give a missed call to 08061914343 to Download the App