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Acute Embolism and Thrombosis: Dangerous blood clot

About

Acute embolism and thrombosis, together known as thromboembolism, refer to a condition in which a blood clot (caused by an embolism) reduces the blood flow.

DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) is considered the most dreadful case of thrombosis as it prevents oxygen supply to other parts of the body.

  • Requires a medical diagnosis
  • Lab tests or imaging might be required
  • Treatable by a medical professional
  • Resolves in months

Deep vein thrombosis is a serious issue in which the blood clot gets broken and travels in the bloodstream and settles in the lungs blocking the blood flow.

Symptoms

Swelling of a localized area and redness are common symptoms.
In Deep Vein Thrombosis, these are observable:

  • Pain in the leg with cramps and soreness
  • Redness develops in skin
  • Warmth in the affected leg

In pulmonary embolism, one may experience:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fast breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Coughing up blood
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting

Treatment

Depending on the location, extent, and type of the condition, either medications or surgery is recommended.
Thrombolytic medications are used for managing clots. Surgeries (like thrombectomy) that dissolve clots can also be suggested in some cases. Anticoagulant medications prevent the formation of clots.

Medications

Intravenous injections are given in the form of shots. These act as blood thinners. Other blood thinners can also be injected or blood thinner pills maybe recommended. Clot busters are used in case of serious thrombosis or embolism.

Specialists

It is recommended to contact a doctor immediately for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

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