Chest pain? Learn about Acute Coronary Syndrome.
Acute coronary syndrome is a condition in which there is a sudden reduced blood flow to the heart . The blockage may be sudden or can happen over a period of time.
The risk of acute coronary syndrome increases in men at the age of 45 years and above, and women who are 55 years or older.
The location of the blockage, the time since when the blood flow is blocked, and the amount of damage that has occurred determine the type of acute coronary syndrome.
Acute coronary syndrome:
- Is treatable by a medical professional
- Requires a medical diagnosis
- Requires laboratory tests or imaging
- Can occur over a period of time
The symptoms of acute coronary syndrome are as follows:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Dizziness or feeling of lightheadedness
- Unusual fatigue
Self-care: Following a heart-healthy diet and maintaining a healthy weight are the best ways to prevent the development of acute coronary syndrome. In addition, an active lifestyle and quitting smoking are essential to reduce the risk of this disease.
Medication: Doctors can prescribe medications such as nitroglycerin, antiplatelet drugs, beta-blockers, statins, and thrombolytics depending on the condition. In severe cases, angioplasty and coronary bypass surgery can also be recommended.
Specialists: It is recommended to consult a cardiologist in such cases apart from making lifestyle and dietary changes.
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