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Cutaneous Scleroderma: Symptoms and Treatment


Diffuse Cutaneous Scleroderma, also known as Systemic Sclerosis, is an autoimmune disorder which causes chronic hardening and tightening of the skin and other connective tissues.

Raynaud's Phenomenon affects about 90% of people with scleroderma at some point in their life [1]

-Medical diagnosis is required
-Lab test or imaging are required
-Cannot be cured completely. However, treatment can help
-It is chronic and can be lifelong

Systemic Sclerosis is characterized by changes in the appearance and texture of the skin due to the increase in collagen production that accumulates under your tissues. Apart from the skin, it can also affect your blood vessels, muscles, heart, digestive system, lungs, and kidneys.


- Development of thick and shiny areas of skin around fingers, mouth, and nose which limits the movement of the affected area.
- Hair loss
- Calcium deposits or white lumps under the skin
- Small, dilated blood vessels under the skin's surface
- Joint pain
- Shortness of breath
- Dry cough
- Diarrhea
- Constipation
- Difficulty swallowing
- Esophageal reflux
- Abdominal bloating after meals


This condition cannot be completely cured, however, the following methods can help:
Self-care: Avoid smoking and alcohol. Maintain a healthy lifestyle by being physically active and avoid food triggers.
Medication: The doctor may prescribe corticosteroids drugs.
-Immunosuppressants such as methotrexate or Cytoxan may be prescribed.
-Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed.

Depending on your symptoms, the treatment can also include:
-blood pressure medication
-medication to aid breathing
-physical therapy
-light therapy such as ultraviolet A1 phototherapy
-nitroglycerin ointment to treat localized areas of tightening of the skin

Specialists: Scleroderma is a chronic autoimmune disorder which cannot be cured. However, by using the right techniques, it can be effectively managed. Feel free to contact our doctors at mfine for professional guidance regarding all issues related to your healthcare and overall well-being.

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