Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A heart disease people should know about
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease occurring in which the heart muscle abnormally thickens, which in turn makes pumping blood harder.
According to the Cleveland clinic, HCM affects 1 in every 500 people in the United States.
-It can affect both men and women equally.
-It can affect people of any age.
-Treatment can help people, but condition remains chronic.
-It requires medical checkup, lab test, or imaging to find the cause
-HCM can go undiagnosed in many cases.
-It is usually inherited.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a heart disease in which heart muscle cells enlarge and cause walls of the ventricles to thicken, mitral valve changes, and cellular changes make harder for heart to pump blood. Most people may not have any symptoms or experience any problem in daily life.
Most people with HCM have found to be with no symptoms and no significant problems. For others, there occurs breathing problem, chest pain or abnormal heart rhythms, fainting issues.
People may experience:
Pain areas: chest
Body feel: dizziness and fatigue
Heart: enlarged heart, murmur, or palpitations
Also common: shortness of breath and palpitations
Self-Care: People diagnosed with HCM should restrain from exercise and should limit physical activity. Doctor may specify diet to follow and regular checkup.
Medications: Doctor may prescribe beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers to relax the heart muscle. For arrhythmia, drug to control heart rate is prescribed. You may be told to avoid drug such as nitrates that lower blood pressure.
Other treatment may include surgery or implanting device.
Specialists: People may see Cardiologist, Primary Care Provider (PCP), Cardiac Electrophysiologist, and Cardiothoracic Surgeon to examine the condition. At Mfine, we help at diagnosing health issues with the help of AI system. Come and join us to get proper treatment.