A cardiac risk assessment or heart check-up tests are for people who have no signs of cardiovascular or coronary artery disease. Once the initial intake and family history is taken, heart-related tests are given to further assess possible risk factors. The cardiac profile is used to measure the following criteria:
- Blood glucose levels, which measured the amount of sugar present in the blood. This is a blood test for heart function.
- The amount of c-reactive protein in the blood, which is higher when there is inflammation or swelling anywhere in the body with a test called hs-CRP assay. It is covered in the blood test for heart disease.
- Blood pressure levels, which is the force of blood against the artery walls in the heart. Both the resting heart rate (diastolic) and the working heart rate (systolic) are measured with a sphygmomanometer for the cardiology tests.
- The amount of cholesterol in the body. There are two types: low-density lipoproteins, which are the bad kind and whose buildup in the body leads to blockages in the artery; and high-density lipoproteins, which are the good kind that absorbs cholesterol and flushes it out of the body through the liver. A lipid panel test is used for this and it is the most important test in the initial screening to evaluate the risk of cardiac complications in the future.
Sometimes you may notice some types of chest pain or symptoms of heart diseases, in which case, you should consult a cardiologist in city_name_label to get a professional medical opinion to understand your symptoms better. The signs of heart disease can include:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest discomfort
- Any type of chest pain
- Sweating and fatigue
- Pain or numbness in arms or limbs
- Pain in the jaw, neck or chest and back pain
Chest pain, especially, is a telling symptom of heart disease. It’s important to consult a cardiologist in city_name_label so that they may understand your symptoms better and reach a correct and conclusive diagnosis. For example, chest discomfort may indicate angina pain symptoms. Similarly, dull chest pain, mild chest pain, or sudden chest pain can be an early symptom, which can be treated successfully if detected earlier on. On the other hand, if you experience severe chest pain or sharp stabbing pain in the chest that comes and goes then you should schedule an appointment with a doctor at the earliest. Chest problems of that sort and pain in the chest that radiates to the neck, jaw, throat, shoulders, or back is a serious symptom that should be looked at immediately.