Health A to Z Last updated on 2021-03-25 19:04:31
Fertility Treatments: What Is The Difference Between IVF and IUI?
- Dr. Sreelekha Daruvuri
- 3 Min Read
If you are trying to conceive for a year and are unsuccessful then fertility treatments may help in increasing the chances of getting pregnant. Thanks to technology, a lot of people can now have babies despite their infertility problems. Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) are procedures that can help you have a child. ART procedures aid in making the process of sperm fertilizing the egg easier. The two most common fertility treatments used by couples are intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF). Let’s have a look at these two popular procedures.
What is intrauterine insemination (IUI)?Intrauterine insemination is a fertility treatment wherein sperm is positioned inside the uterus to facilitate fertilization. In this process, the ovaries are stimulated using external hormones to increase the number of eggs. Then, using a catheter, semen sample is transferred into the uterus of the mother a phase wherein the egg is released from the woman’s ovaries. In IUI, high amounts of good quality sperm are deposited close to the egg so that there are high chances of sperm and egg union.
Who can opt for IUI?
- If the woman has mild endometriosis
- If the man has a low sperm count- sub optimal male infertility
- Cervix related problems in the female
- Ovulation disorder in the female- PCOS
- If you are using donor sperm in case of a single mother or lesbian couple
- Unexplained infertility
|Less invasive||Success rates are low as 15-17%|
|Experience little discomfort||Risk of having more than one child|
|Takes less time||Ectopic pregnancy|
What is in vitro fertilization (IVF)?IVF involves extracting eggs from the ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm in the lab, where it later develops into an embryo. The developed embryo is then transferred into the mother’s uterus. In this technique, the ovaries are stimulated using external hormones to produce many eggs in one cycle and then eggs are retrieved from each ovary. The fertilization takes place in a sterile laboratory and the resulting embryos are transferred into the uterus.
Who can opt for IVF?
- If the woman has moderate to severe endometriosis
- If the man has sperm problems
- Cervix related problems in the female
- Ovulation disorder in the female for example PCOS
- If you are using a donor sperm/eggs/surrogacy
- Block tubes in males or females
- Single mother or lesbian couple
|Success rates are high- almost 40-60%||Can be expensive|
|You can use donor sperms or eggs if indicated||Prolonged use of medications & hormones may cause side effects|
|Can cryopreserve the sperms or eggs for a longer time||Risk of having more than one child|
|Increases chances of a healthy baby||Risk of ectopic pregnancy|
Tips that may increase your chances of pregnancy
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Have a healthy diet, avoid processed food
- Be physically active
- Quit smoking and alcohol
- Monitor ovulation cycle
- Have sex during the fertile window
- Try to take less stress
- Go for regular health check-ups
- Consult a healthcare expert regularly
The takeawayAlthough fertility treatments can bring hope to couples who want a baby, it also has monetary, physical and emotional costs. If it has been over a year and you still cannot conceive, the couple needs to work out the causes. Sometimes, the problem lies with the female, sometimes with the male, sometimes in both and many times the clear cause is unknown. Thus, it is recommended that you consult with an expert who will help you through your conception challenges. Consult the best fertility experts on MFine today.
Consult a Fertility Specialist
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