Prothrombin Time (PT) Test in Pune
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How to book the PT INR Test in Pune?
What is the PT INR test used for?
The PT test or prothrombin time test is used as a starting point for evaluating bleeding or clotting problems. A doctor can acquire insight into what bleeding or clotting issue may be present by combining the findings of the PT INR test.
The PT tests are often performed selectively as pre-surgical or before other invasive procedures to screen for possible bleeding tendencies based on carefully acquired patient histories. It is mainly used to monitor patients receiving anticoagulation medicines like warfarin. PT is also used to determine whether blood clot prevention medication is effective or not.
Procedure for PT INR test
A blood sample drawn from your fingertip is used for this test. A fingertip test can be done at the doctor’s office or at home. If you are on warfarin, your doctor may suggest you regularly test your blood with an at-home PT INR test kit or get it tested at a reliable lab .
During this test, the lab technician will do the following:
- Puncture your fingertip with a tiny needle.
- Take a drop of blood and place it on a test strip.
- Insert the test strip into a device that can calculate the results.
- Devices for use at home are tiny and light.
When the needle is inserted and removed, you may feel a slight sting. The whole process normally takes less than five minutes.
How to prepare for the PT INR test?
You usually don’t need to do anything special before the test. However, many medications, foods, and illnesses might impact this test finding. Inform your doctor about any medications and supplements you are taking, as well as any dietary changes.
A PT test is an entirely risk-free procedure. However, there is little risk of infection, hematoma, or fainting after any blood draw.
Things to consider after the PT INR test is complete
The test will tell you how long it took your blood to clot. What is normal varies depending on the lab, so see your doctor to help you understand what your numbers mean.
You may receive the results within a few hours. However, some labs may take few days. If your doctor uses a finger stick test, you can obtain results in a matter of minutes.
Liver function test , clotting time, bleeding time and other tests may also be ordered by your healthcare physician.
What types of conditions can the PT INR test detect?
Certain medications, such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven), tend to thin the blood. The PT INR test assists doctors in understanding the dosage to be prescribed.
In addition, if the individual has one of the following conditions, the doctor may request a PT INR test.
- Normal blood clotting before surgery
- Liver Disorders
- Vitamin K deficiency
- Immune system issues
- Certain cancers, such as leukaemia
- Bone marrow issues
- Bleeding disorders.
How much does the PT INR test cost?
PT INR test cost ranges from Rs 200 to Rs 500. The price of the test varies from lab to lab and is different in different cities. Generally, it starts from Rs 200. If your test result is abnormal, the cost starts adding up with all the other tests the doctor asks to do.
*Disclaimer: The value varies based on location, time, and your preferred lab partner.
How long does it take to get the results for the PT INR test?
You can expect to get the results for the PT INR test within 24 to 48 hours after the sample is collected. However, in some instances, depending on the location, medical advice, and preferred lab partner, it may take longer.
What do abnormal PT INR test results indicate?
The laboratory values of a PT and INR are used to evaluate a level of anticoagulation when you’re on a medication called Coumadin or warfarin. That medication is often used to help thin out the blood in the cases of blood clotting issues.
When the values are too high, it generally means that your blood has become too thin, and it predisposes you or makes you more likely to have bleeding when you shouldn’t.
If your value is too low, it means that your blood is more likely to form a clot, which is what we’re trying to prevent.
A prolonged PT indicates that the blood is taking an exceptionally long time to clot. This might be caused by liver disease, a lack of vitamin K, or a lack of coagulation factor (e.g., factor VII deficiency). The PT result is frequently analysed in combination with the PTT test to determine what condition may be present.
Disclaimer: Please consult with your doctor to interpret the test reports.
PT INR is not a diagnostic test by itself, as it simply indicates a problem with the bleeding or clotting time. It suggests that more testing may be necessary to determine the definitive cause and diagnosis of the problem. As a result, in addition to the PT INR test, or along with this test, other tests that may be requested. If your doctor suspects you have a bleeding issue, you may be subjected to tests to determine this, that includes:
- PTT test
- Fibrinogen testing
- Platelet count
- Coagulation factors tests (searches for a genetic disorder causing nosebleeds and other bleeding issues)
- Liver Function test
- Bleeding and Clotting time test
How to read the PT INR test report?
If you were tested because you are on warfarin, the results would most likely be in the form of INR levels (International Normalised Ratio). INR levels are often used to compare results from different laboratories and make test procedures simpler.
For healthy individuals, Normal INR: 0.9 – 1.3
Normal INR values in people taking anticoagulant medicine: 2.0 – 3.0
High risk of bleeding: >5.5
If INR values are less than 0.5, the person has a high risk of blood clotting.
INR values are useful to adjust the dosage of anticoagulants and how well these medicines are working to prevent blood clots. By determining the INR values, the doctor will determine how these medicines are working and how this is effective in preventing a blood clot.
For patients on anticoagulant medicine, the dosage is reduced if the INR value is 4, which is more than normal.
If INR value is less than normal, then the dosage of medicine is increased.
If you do not take warfarin, your results may be in the form of INR levels or the time it takes for your blood sample to clot (prothrombin time).
In normal people, prothrombin time: 10-15 seconds. Whereas, prothrombin time for people taking anticoagulant medicine: 22-35 seconds
Critical value: >65 seconds. These people should consult a doctor.
Why book the PT INR test?
When a person takes the anticoagulant medicine warfarin, a PT and INR are ordered regularly to ensure that the drug has the intended effect. Also, a test can be ordered when a person is not taking anticoagulants but exhibits signs or symptoms of excessive bleeding or clotting, such as:
- Unexpected bleeding or easy bruising
- Gums that bleed
- A blood clot that has formed in a vein or artery.
- An acute illness, such as disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), can induce both bleeding and clotting due to the fast depletion of coagulation factors.
- A chronic condition such as severe liver disease that can impair hemostasis.
Symptoms of a clotting disorder include:
- Tenderness or discomfort in the legs
- Leg swelling
- Redness or red streaks on legs
- Breathing problems
- Chest ache
- Rapid pulse rate
Before surgery, a PT INR may be requested if there is a high risk of blood loss and/or if the person has a clinical history of bleeding, such as frequent or severe nosebleeds and easy bruising, which may suggest the presence of any bleeding condition.
PT INR test at home—how does it work?
The PT INR test is just like any other blood test. A lab technician visits your home when you book your tests through the MFine app. The lab technician first punctures your fingertip with a tiny needle, takes a drop of blood and places it on a test strip and then inserts the test strip into a device that can calculate the results. Or a blood sample is collected from one of your veins in the arm by piercing the needle.
Are there any risks involved with the PT INR test?
Blood tests are low-risk procedures. While problems from routine blood tests are uncommon, they are possible.
- Pain at the location of needle insertion
- Feeling weak or lightheadedness
- Anxiety over needles
- Excessive bleeding, mainly if you use blood thinners
If you feel dizzy during or after a blood draw, or if the site continues to bleed, inform your doctor. Cover and clean your puncture site, and keep an eye out for signs of infection (pain, redness, heat, swelling, fever, chills) during the following few days. If symptoms of infection appear, get immediate medical help
What can affect the results for the PT INR test?
Some antibiotics might cause an increase in PT and INR. Also, some foods, such as liver, broccoli, chickpeas, green tea, kale, turnip greens, and soy products, might have an impact on your test results. Your doctor will advise you whether you need to regulate specific foods or drinks or altogether avoid them.
Make sure your doctor is aware of any medications, vitamins, herbs, or supplements you are taking. This covers OTC, prescription, and illicit medications. Many drugs, ranging from aspirin to steroids, might have an impact on your results.
Why book the PT INR Test?
- This test determines whether or not your blood clots quickly enough during an injury. It also verifies whether or not your body has antithrombin levels that are high enough. A PT INR value between 0 and 1 indicates that the person's platelet sticks together quickly and can form clots, while a value greater than 1 indicates that the person's platelets do not stick well together, which can indicate abnormal bleeding.
For further assistance
Book Prothrombin Time (PT) Test Near Me in Pune | MFine
Book Prothrombin Time (PT) Test Near Me in Pune | MFine
What does PT INR Test measure?
What Preparation is needed for the PT INR Test?
- Preparation for a PT INR Blood Clotting Test:
- Do not take aspirin, ibuprofen, or other NSAIDs before the test.
- Don’t smoke before the test.
- Stop taking any medications that affect clotting.
- Avoid alcohol and red wine.
- Stay hydrated.
- Avoid exercising on the day of the test.
What happens to your test sample?
What do abnormal results indicate?
- Abnormal results in the PT INR blood clotting test are indicative of a clotting disorder. They may indicate a variety of conditions, including:
- Pulmonary embolism (PE): Pulmonary embolism is a condition that occurs when a blood clot blocks the main artery in the lungs. This can lead to death if left untreated or insufficient treatment.
- Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia: HIT is a condition that occurs when an excess of heparin leads to the destruction of platelets in the blood.
- Thrombosis: Thrombosis is a condition in which blood clots form, usually in a vein or artery. It's the most common cause of stroke.
- Venous thromboembolism (VTE): Venous thromboembolism is a blood clot that forms in one of the large veins that return blood from the lower extremities to the heart.
- Malaria or other infection.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I avail at-home sample collection in Balewadi, Pune?
Yes, the company provides at-home sample collection anywhere in India. Many medical screening centres offer at-home sample collection so that you can stay at home and skip the wait time.
What is the cost of the PT INR test in Pune?
The cost of the PT INR test depends upon different laboratories and the infrastructure used by the laboratories. Different cities have varied prices too. The approximate prices for the PT INR test in Pune range from Rs. 300 to Rs. 500 per person.
I stay in Bangalore. Can I book a PT INR Test for my mother staying in Pune?
Yes, you can easily book PT INR tests for your relatives and old family members living in distant places with the help of the MFine app.
How can I reschedule my appointment for PT INR Test sample collection?
You can easily reschedule the appointment for the PT INR test through the MFine app. The app has an option to reschedule the sample collection date and time.
Is the lab technician coming for PT INR Test sample collection vaccinated?
Yes. Our lab technicians are fully vaccinated. Further, they also ensure safety throughout by wearing a mask and using a sanitiser and gloves during sample collection.
When is PT INR Test recommended?
The PT INR test is recommended for persons suffering from problems like bleeding or bruising, blood in poop or urine, bleeding gums, heavy menstrual periods in women, nose bleeding, swelling or pain in joints, and unusual blood clot.
Is a prescription required to book a PT INR Test?
No, there is no need to take a prescription from a registered doctor to book a PT INR test.
Does MFine provide result interpretation along with the reports?
Yes. MFine provides result interpretation along with the reports. Also, you will be able to avail a free doctor consultation after the lab test to understand your reports accurately. Our doctor will also advise and prescribe medicines if required based on the results.
Is the PT INR test a definitive test?
No, the PT INR test is not a definitive test. It does not indicate the severity of the condition, and many other tests can be performed to gain a more accurate diagnosis.
What other tests are usually recommended along with PT INR Test?
Other tests that are often recommended along with the PT INR Test include:
- Blood testing for lead, electrolytes, and glucose levels.
- Lipid panels for cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, and HDL levels.
- Thyroid function testing.
What diseases can be detected through the PT INR Test?
Several diseases include deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism, acute myocardial infarction, and sepsis.
How can I download my PT INR Test report?
- Login to MFine.
- Go to your profile.
- Click Attachment and Reports.
- Click Lab Report and download the same.
Are there any discount offers running on the PT INR Test in Pune?
Usually, you can avail of up to 50% discount on the PT INR Test through MFine. However, the discount and test price may vary based on lab partner and location.