A lipid profile test is used to measure a few components in the blood like cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoproteins (HDLs). Cholesterol is a substance produced in our body and absorbed from some food. It helps us digest, strengthens our cells, and aids in the production of hormones. Triglyceride is another substance that provides energy for our body when required. High-density lipoproteins are good for our bodies because they transport cholesterol and triglycerides from different parts of the body total liver for energy production. They are also known as HDLs, which is short for high-density lipoprotein.
High levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides can clog our blood vessels, leading to high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. High-density lipoproteins are able to clear bad cholesterol from our blood vessels to a certain extent. In a diabetic patient, lipid levels may fluctuate significantly, especially in those who have type 2 diabetes.
If your cholesterol levels are high, then you are more likely to have heart problems. In short, a lipid Profile test measures the amount of LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglycerides; HDL (good) cholesterol; and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)in the blood and total cholesterol.