Health A to Z Last updated on 2021-03-16 13:29:12
Glaucoma Signs: How To Tell If You Have This Eye Condition
- Dr. Sreelekha Daruvuri
- 2 Min Read
- Fact Checked
Glaucoma is an eye disease that can cause progressive and irreversible damage to the optic nerve of the eye. If untreated, it may lead to blindness. Glaucoma is the second most leading cause of blindness in the world and little is known about its prevention. However, early diagnosis and treatment is the best way to prevent loss of vision caused by this disease. Here are some risk factors that may increase your chances of having glaucoma.
- Age above 60
- Family history
- Having certain chronic conditions like diabetes, heart disease, hypertension and sickle cell anaemia
- Having high internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure)
- Had certain types of eye surgery (cataract surgery)
- Having certain eye conditions like myopia
- Taking medications such as eye drops (adrenergic agents) for a long time
Congenital glaucomaThis condition shows up in a newborn or the first few years of the baby’s life. Symptoms include:
- Sensitivity to light, tearing and eyelid spasms
- Clouding of the cornea or large cornea
- Rubbing eyes, squinting or keeping eyes closed most of the time
Narrow-angle glaucomaAlso known as acute-closed glaucoma. Symptoms include:
- Sudden and severe throbbing pain in the eye
- Eye redness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurry or foggy vision
- Dilated pupils
Secondary glaucoma and other typesThe symptoms depend on what is causing the pressure to rise in your eyes. Symptoms include:
- Inflammation in the eye leading to visual halos around light
- Sensitivity to light
- Blind spots in the vision
How can you confirm if you have glaucoma?If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, then it is advised to consult an opthalmologist as soon as possible. The tests are usually painless and do not take a lot of time. The eye doctor will measure the pressure of your eyes with an instrument called a tonometer. Before doing that you will be given drops to numb your eyes so that you don’t feel anything. It is important to inform your doctor if you have had any vision correction surgery or using the medication as it may affect the pressure reading. Other tests will also be conducted to check the extent of your eye damage and diagnose glaucoma. It is also important to remember that high eye pressure doesn’t necessarily indicate you have glaucoma. High eye pressure without damage is called ocular hypertension. It is important to go for a regular check-up if you have this condition. Glaucoma cannot be prevented but early detection and treatment can keep the condition from getting worse. The best way to keep all eye problems at bay is to consult an ophthalmologist once a year. If you are experiencing any eye problems or managing some optic condition, you can reach out to our ophthalmologists online on MFine.
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