Urinary tract infection usually occurs in your urinary tract. The urinary tract is made of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. In most cases, bacteria living in the gut called the E.coli causes the infection. Fungi and virus are rarely the causative agents for such infections. A doctor can determine the cause of urinary tract infection by performing a simple urine or blood test.
Early symptoms of UTI
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Urge to pee more frequently
- Low back pain or pelvic pain in women
- Frothy or cloudy urine
- Strong smelling urine
- Blood in the urine
In a UTI, bacteria that enters into the urethra multiplies and travels up to the bladder. Though the symptoms of UTI are very uncomfortable and unbearable at times, most of the UTIs are not severe in the lower urinary tract.
UTIs can become more severe if not treated on time and can travel to the urinary tract up to the ureters and kidney, causing upper urinary tract infections. This situation can be life-threatening as the infection can spread into the blood, causing sepsis.
Symptoms of an upper urinary tract infection include:
- pain and soreness in the upper back
Though very rare, UTI can occur in men also. Here are some of the symptoms:
· rectal pain
· painful ejaculation, rarely accompanied by blood in the semen
Causes of UTI
1. Sexual intercourse
2. Spermicide-coated condoms or contraceptive diaphragms
3. Immune suppression
6. Low levels of estrogen ( After Menopause)
7. Urinary catheter
- Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water daily
- Don’t hold back urine
- Maintain proper hygiene
- Do pass urine after and before intercourse
- Avoid using latex condoms
- Avoid using diaphragms
- Increase Vitamin C in your diet
If you notice any signs of UTI, consult a doctor immediately.