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What is Candidal Vulvovaginitis?
Candidal Vulvovaginitis is also known as a vaginal yeast infection in which the vagina is infected with yeast cells. The yeast strain named Candida Albicans is one that infects the vagina and multiplies, causing irritation and trouble in women.
Although non-pregnant women are also prone to be affected, it is seen that pregnant women have more chances of being affected by yeast cells. It is not just the pregnant women who are prone to be affected by a yeast infection, even individuals with immune-compromised systems are susceptible to infections. Although not a sexually transmitted disease, it occurs in people who are sexually active frequently.
Candidal Vulvovaginitis occurs in individuals who suffer from diabetes, especially uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Even excessive intake of antibiotics and steroids have higher chances of yeast infection. Sometimes, using intrauterine contraceptive devices and wearing tight undergarments can lead to Candidal Vulvovaginitis. It is also seen that higher levels of estrogen can lead to yeast infection.
Symptoms of infection
This yeast infection causes redness in the vaginal area and also creates a burning sensation which is often irritating. This irritation might increase during sexual intercourse. You might be able to see white discharge during urination, and typically, there is a burning feeling while urinating. Sometimes, this yeast infection causes swelling in the vaginal region that is painful and bothersome.
Treatment for Candidal Vulvovaginitis infection
Yeast infection treatment is simple. Generally, antifungal drugs are prescribed for patients with the infection. However, it is best to consult with top gynaecologists who will look into the condition with a medical eye.
Home remedies to prevent infection
With small lifestyle changes, the onset of the disease can be avoided. Try wearing loose clothes, especially undergarments to prevent any infection. Reducing the moisture accumulation at the vaginal areas can help in preventing the infection.
Moreover, be sure to use contraceptive devices properly. Consuming probiotics is known to help as replenishing the vagina with useful bacterial like Lactobacillus that prevents the occurrence of vaginal infections. Oral probiotics may have a lesser impact during the infection but can be an effective preventive measure to avoid infections.
How is the infection diagnosed?
To test if you have an infection, PH and culture test will be recommended. Generally, the PH is below 4.5, but in the case of yeast infection, there can be changes in your PH values. Simple culture testing by swabbing the tissues from the vagina and microscopy testing is the first line of diagnosis for the infection. It is recommended that you consult top Gynecologists for the best treatment and expert advice regarding the yeast infection.
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