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Colitis

Colitis: Read About This Inflammatory Bowel Disease

About

Inflammation in the large intestine with ulcers in it.

The symptoms keep switching on and off for life, rarely completely remitted.

- Not completely treatable
- Medical diagnosis is required
- Lab tests or imaging always required
- Chronic: Lasts for years or for life

This is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, majorly affecting inner lining of large intestine. Abnormal immune system responses are believed to be the cause of it. The patient is at risk of developing colon cancer.

Symptoms

Medically diagnosable

The symptoms are diverse according to the severity of inflammation.
- Diarrhea with blood or pus
- Pain areas: Abdomen, rectum, joints, and eyes when exposed to brightness
- Soreness on skin and in joints
- Bleeding from rectum, comes with stool
- Defecation: Urgency yet inability to defecate
- Other symptoms: Weight loss, fatigue, fever, and dehydration
- Failure to grow in children

Treatment

Self-care: Eat multiple small meals; drink fluids plentifully; exercise; manage stress; avoid high-fibre and spicy foods, alcohol, caffeine, and dairy products. Lactaid can help.

Medications: Anti-inflammatory medicines: 5-aminosalicylates and corticosteroids. Immunosuppressant drugs to reduce inflammation: Azathioprine, mercaptopurine Cyclosporine, Infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab, Vedolizumab. Antibiotics, anti-diarrheal, pain-relievers, and iron-supplement drugs to control specific symptoms.

Specialists: When doctors see to it, they call for a surgery called ileal pouch anal anastomosis, which makes defecation easier. For consultation and relief from your health problems, tell your symptoms to us at mfine and we’re there to provide ingenious treatment.

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