Last modified on October 2021
With inputs from
– Read about the causes and symptoms of gastritis, along with their different types.
– The article explains the treatment of different types of gastritis.
– This article gives you a detailed overview of the most effective gastritis treatment.
– This article will give you insight into the gastritis treatment without surgery and gastritis surgery cost.
– Learn in detail about gastritis treatment at home and get answers to the frequently asked questions about gastritis.
Chapter 1: What is Gastritis?
Gastritis is a catch-all name for a collection of diseases that all have one thing in common: inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis is usually caused by an infection with the same bacteria that causes most stomach ulcers. The use of certain pain medications on a regular basis, as well as excessive alcohol consumption, can all lead to gastritis. In India, gastritis affects between 25 and 33 percent of the population. The majority of sick people are between the ages of 20 and 50.
This article helps you understand the different types of gastritis, their underlying causes, and symptoms, and gastritis home treatment. In addition, it explains the gastritis treatment according to the types. In addition to this, get to know about the gastritis surgery cost.
Gastritis can arise quickly (acute gastritis) or gradually over time (chronic gastritis). Gastritis can cause ulcers, stomach inflammation and an elevated risk of stomach cancer in some situations. Gastritis, on the other hand, is usually not severe and recovers rapidly with gastritis treatment.
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Chapter 2: Types of Gastritis
Gastritis treatment can help in lessening the symptoms and curing the condition. However, the treatments and surgeries depend on the type of gastritis. There are eight different types of gastritis:
- Acute gastritis: Acute gastritis is more symptomatic than chronic gastritis and can lead to severe consequences such as hemorrhages or erosion. The majority of individuals may experience minor stomach inflammation and indigestion. Although there are no particular treatment guidelines for acute gastritis, medications and lifestyle modifications can help reduce symptoms. Patients suffering from gastritis should avoid using NSAIDs or drinking alcohol they might aggravate symptoms.
- Chronic gastritis: Chronic gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining becomes irritated on a regular or long-term basis. Upper abdomen discomfort, bloating, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach inflammation, and indigestion are common symptoms. Smoking, long-term alcohol consumption, and eating a high-fat or high-salt diet are all linked to an increased risk of developing chronic gastritis.
- Atrophic gastritis: Atrophic gastritis is a form of chronic gastritis that is also known as Type A or B gastritis. Atrophic Gastritis leads to deficiency in intrinsic factors that leads to Vitamin B12 deficiency.. Antibiotics, antacids, and/or B12 supplements are among the gastritis home treatment possibilities. In order to digest food, the stomach must release important molecules like pepsin, hydrochloric acid, and intrinsic factors.
- Antral gastritis: Antral gastritis is a kind of stomach inflammation that is less frequent. It is more common in elderly individuals and occurs in the bottom region of the stomach, commonly known as the antrum. If a bacterial infection is present, antacids or antibiotics can be used to treat gastroenteritis. Indigestion is the most common symptom of this kind of gastritis.
- Autoimmune gastritis: Autoimmune gastritis is a very uncommon chronic inflammatory condition of the stomach lining. Nausea, vomiting, and stomach discomfort are the most common symptoms of autoimmune gastritis. It can also lead to more significant problems such as a lack of folate, iron, and/or B12. There is no cure, but addressing its consequences, such as B12 and iron shortages, can help people live with the condition more pleasantly.
- Erosive gastritis: Excessive consumption of certain drugs or anti-inflammatory drugs causes erosive gastritis. It can also appear as a result of stomach lining damage caused by infections, alcohol or chemotherapy. It can cause extreme discomfort every time food is consumed in severe cases.
- Alcoholic gastritis: is a kind of gastritis induced by excessive alcohol intake. Alcohol can impair the stomach’s capacity to generate acids, resulting in inflammation. Symptoms include upper abdominal discomfort, belchings, hiccups, lack of appetite, vomiting, and bloating. A clinician can diagnose alcoholic gastritis based on a patient’s history of heavy drinking and symptoms associated with gastritis. If you have a history of alcohol use and are suffering stomach problems, see your doctor.
- Duodenitis: The symptoms are similar to those of gastritis, with abdominal discomfort, bloating, colored feces, and nausea being prevalent. The gastritis home treatment can help in the treatment of duodenitis.
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Chapter 3: Cause and Symptoms of Gastritis
A] Causes of gastritis
Gastritis develops when the stomach lining is damaged or weakened (mucosa). The issue can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Chronic alcohol usage can irritate and damage the stomach lining.
- Autoimmune illness occurs when the body’s immune system destroys healthy cells in the stomach lining in certain people.
- Bacterial infection: The bacteria H. pylori are the most common cause of chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer disease (stomach ulcers). The germs eat away at the stomach’s protective lining, causing inflammation.
- Bile reflux can cause irritation of stomach lining. the liver produces bile to aid in the digestion of fatty meals. The word “reflux” implies “flowing back.” Bile reflux occurs when bile runs back into the stomach rather than the small intestine.
- Medications: Long-term usage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) or corticosteroids to treat chronic pain might cause stomach lining irritation.
- Gastritis can be triggered by a sudden, severe sickness, stress or injury. Gastritis can develop even after an incident that does not impact the stomach. The most prevalent causes are severe burns and brain damage.
B] Symptoms of gastritis
Many persons with gastritis are asymptomatic. People who do have symptoms frequently misdiagnose them as indigestion. Other symptoms of gastritis are:
- Stool is black and tarry
- Vomiting and nausea
- Feeling very full during or after a meal
- Appetite loss
- Ulcers in the stomach
- Losing weight unintentionally
- Pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen (belly)
- Blood in vomiting
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Chapter 4: Chronic Gastritis Treatment
Gastritis treatment without surgery
Gastritis home treatment differs depending on the reason. Certain antibiotics destroy germs, while others relieve indigestion-like symptoms. Your doctor may advise you to take chronic gastritis treatment at home in the following ways:
- Antibiotics: Antibiotics are drugs that can be used to treat bacterial infections. For a few weeks, you may need to take more than one type of antibiotic.
- Antacids: Calcium carbonate medicines, such as antacids, decrease stomach acid exposure. They can aid in the relief of inflammation. Heartburn can also be treated with antacids.
- Histamine (H2) blockers: such as cimetidine (Tagamet®), ranitidine (Zantac®), and related medicines, reduce stomach acid production.
- Proton pump inhibitors: such as omeprazole (Prilosec®) and esomeprazole (Nexium®), lower the amount of acid produced by your stomach. Proton pump inhibitors such as pantoprazole (Protonix) and rabeprazole (Aciphex) are also used to treat stomach ulcers, and gastroesophageal reflux (GERD).
Chronic gastritis treatment with surgeries
Only surgical treatments that drain duodenal contents from the stomach or gastric remnants work. Both the isoperistaltic jejunal segment (Henley loop) and the Roux-en-Y diversion have been shown to be successful as reflux gastritis treatments and should be more widely used by gastroenterologists and surgeons.
Gastritis treatment at home is required to treat symptoms of gastritis, and if left untreated, it can lead to the following complications:
- Anemia: Erosive gastritis can result in persistent bleeding, which can lead to anemia.
- Gastritis atrophic: Chronic stomach inflammation can result in the loss of both the stomach lining and glands.
- Ulcers of the stomach: Ulcers can occur in the stomach and duodenal linings.
- Gastrointestinal lining tumors: Gastritis raises the risk of both benign and malignant growths. If Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria induce gastritis, they also raise the risk of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma.
Typically, gastritis surgery costs can range from Rs. 20,000 and higher depending upon the complications in India.
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Chapter 5: Frequently Asked Questions about Gastritis
Q1: Is there any chronic gastritis treatment at home?
A: Yes, treatment without surgery is effective. The therapy for gastritis home treatment is determined by the underlying cause. If you have gastritis caused by NSAIDs or other medications, stopping using them may be enough to alleviate your symptoms. Antibiotics that destroy the bacteria are commonly used to treat H. pylori-caused gastroenteritis.
Q2. Is it possible to totally heal from gastritis?
Most persons who acquire gastritis have minimal or short-term symptoms and recover fully, therefore curing themselves of the illness. People who have underlying reasons that are properly treated frequently recover fully.
Q3. What foods should I avoid if I have gastritis?
- Acidic foods, such as tomatoes and certain fruits, should be avoided on a gastritis diet especially on empty stomachs
- Carbonated beverages
- Foods high in fat
- Foods that are fried
- Juices from fruits
- Foods that are pickled
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Consult with the best doctors city right now
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