Last modified on March 2021
With inputs from Dr.Pravallika Devisetti, General Physician & Anesthesiologist
– Oligozoospermia or oligospermia means low sperm count and is a leading cause of male infertility. Oligozoospermia is diagnosed when a man has less than 15 million sperm per ml of semen.
– Sperm quality and sperm health are measured by 3 aspects – quantity, motility and structure. Other conditions that are associated with male infertility are azoospermia (complete absence of sperm in semen) and oligoasthenospermia (low sperm count combined with low motility).
– Low sperm count is caused by many medical, external and lifestyle factors. Some common factors include – varicocele, STDs and other infections, hormonal imbalances, past surgeries of the reproductive organs, injuries to the testicular area, retrograde ejaculation, hereditary conditions and many more.
– One of the main signs of oligozoospermia is infertility. Other signs may include erectile dysfunction, inability to ejaculate during orgasm, pain or a lump in the testicle area. Our fertility specialists on MFine are there to support you with a diagnosis and treatment plan specific to your underlying cause.
– A physical examination and a semen analysis are predominantly used to diagnose oligozoospermia.
Oligozoospermia treatments depend primarily on what is causing the low sperm count. Some common treatments include surgery, antibiotics and medication, hormonal treatments, medication and counselling for sex and assisted reproduction techniques (ART).