Book Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC Test) in Chennai
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How to book a FNAC Test in Chennai?
What is the FNAC Test used for?
FNAC test helps as a first line investigation to diagnose the reasons behind almost all abnormal swellings that are superficial and few deep seated lesions as well like thyroid gland, lymph nodes, salivary gland, kidney, liver etc.
What is included in an FNAC Test?
In an FNAC test, a Pathologist and a certified Lab Technician (LT) would analyze the tissue sample extracted through needle aspiration to diagnose if the cells are of benign (a non-cancerous tumour) or of malignant (cancerous cells) origin. Pathologists will also analyze the patterns of the cells or tissue and will try to conclude a few causes of swelling or lump. If a conclusion about diagnosis cannot be arrived at, further tests are advised to find out the causes.
Sample required for the test
In this test, the Pathologist along with a certified Lab Technician will perform the procedure using a syringe with a fine needle and aspirate a small amount of tissue fragments or fluid around the abnormal lump or swelling.
FNAC Test Procedure
An FNAC test procedure involves the following:
- The patient will have to fill in a form about basic details and a consent form before the test.
- The test does not involve prolonged fasting before the procedure. But if the pathologist/ your doctor feels there is a need for fasting they may instruct you about the guidelines.
- This test takes about five minutes and is not very painful, and therefore no anaesthesia is needed. As a result, the patient may feel some mild sharp pain, but the procedure is pretty quick.
- The patient is made to lie down, and the affected area is sanitized to avoid any infection. If the lesion is in the abdominal area where the Pathologist or Lab Technician cannot see or palpate the swelling, they may take the help of a radiologist to perform the procedure under imaging.
- The extracted sample is smeared onto a glass slide, stained and analyzed under the microscope to check for abnormalities in the cells.
- After the test procedure, usually, an ice pack is provided to help relieve the pain quickly.
How to prepare for the FNAC Test?
Before the Test
During the Test
|The guidelines will be provided by the Pathologist if there is a need for fasting before the procedure. If you are taking any blood thinners or anticoagulants you will be given instructions whether you need to stop these medications , for how many days before the procedure etc., If there is a need for additional tests like coagulation profile you will be advised to get these tests done.||The Pathologist will sanitize the skin over the area of the procedure and then draw the tissue sample with a fine needle; you may feel pain, but the entire procedure will be done quickly.|
Things to consider after the FNAC Test is completed?
There might be some pain, soreness in the area of the procedure. After you receive the FNAC test report, consult with your doctor, who’d be able to recommend the best treatment plan for you. Do not self diagnose or treat your health condition.
What types of diseases can an FNAC Test detect?
FNAC test helps to diagnose different benign and malignant cancers or other lesions in the thyroid gland, breast, lymph nodes, salivary glands, kidney, liver etc.
How much risk is involved?
An FNAC test is considered safe, quick and easy to perform with no or minimal complications. You may feel the following:
- Pain when the needle is inserted.
- Faint or lightheaded on rare occasions which is transient.
- An occasional bruise where the needle is inserted.
How long does it take to get the FNAC Test results?
Your blood report will be updated on the MFine app within the next 48 hours after blood sample collection.
Is the FNAC Test a definitive test?
Yes. An FNAC test is a definitive test in many cases. In certain cases, test results are inconclusive, necessitating a repeat or additional test.
How to read the FNAC Test report?
After the FNAC test, a Pathologist would analyze the tissue extracted and opine if the cells are benign (a non-cancerous tumour), malignant (cancerous cells) or suspicious.
What affects the FNAC Test results?
FNAC test results can depend on the size of the lesion, type of the lesion, experience of Pathologist and lab technician. Any error while extracting tissues or while processing the sample could affect the test results.
Why to book FNAC test?
- To diagnose the reasons behind almost all abnormal swellings that are superficial
- To diagnose reasons behind deep seated lesions like thyroid gland, lymph nodes, salivary gland, kidney, liver etc.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Can I avail at-home sample collection in Adyar, Chennai?
Yes, you can avail at-home sample collection for FNAC test from Adyar, Chennai. Login and add your pincode to check the availability of MFine services.
What is the cost of the FNAC test in Chennai?
The average cost of an FNAC test in Chennai is Rs.490. However, this might vary based on the location and your preferred lab partner.
I live in Hyderabad. Can I book a FNAC test for my mother staying in Chennai?
Yes, you can. Just add the Chennai address for sample collection and ensure that your mother is available for the procedure during the scheduled appointment.
Is the lab technician coming for FNAC sample collection vaccinated?
Yes. Our lab technicians are fully vaccinated. Further, they also ensure safety throughout by wearing a mask and using sanitizer and gloves during sample collection.
When is the FNAC test recommended?
FNAC test is usually recommended to diagnose the causes of superficial lumps or swellings that can be felt during physical examination in the Head and neck, breast, thorax, skin, lymph nodes or other parts of your body and also deep-seated lesions.
Does MFine provide result interpretation along with the reports?
Yes. MFine provides result interpretation along with the reports. Also, you will be able to avail a free doctor consultation after the lab test to understand your reports accurately. Our doctor will also advise and prescribe medicines, if required based on the results.
Is the FNAC test a definitive test?
Yes. FNAC test is considered a definitive test in most cases. In certain cases, test results are inconclusive, necessitating a repeat or additional test.
What diseases can be detected through the FNAC test?
- Bacterial and viral infections
- Cancerous lumps
- Hormonal disturbances etc.
How many types of FNAC tests are there?
There are two types of needle biopsies. They are:
- Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) and
- Core Needle Biopsy (CNB)
Can the FNAC report be wrong?
Like any other bio-medical test, FNAC test results also have their limitations. As a result, you may get false negatives or false positives. However, wrong reports are not very common.
Is biopsy and FNAC the same?
FNAC uses a small and fine needle to extract the sample and is a less invasive procedure. On the other hand, a biopsy is a more invasive procedure that is used when there is a need for larger chunks of tissues to examine the lesion.
How can I download my FNAC test report?
- Login to MFine
- Go to your profile
- Click Attachment and Reports
- Click Lab Report and download the same.