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Health A to Z

What Is Testosterone?

Dr. Arpit Gupta

We’ve often hear experts speak of testosterone, but do you know how significant this hormone is for the healthy functioning of your body?

We’ve often heard medical experts speak of testosterone, but do you know how significant this hormone is for the healthy functioning of your body? This hormone is generally produced in the testicles in the case of men, and ovaries and adrenal glands in women. In a nutshell, it is essential for the development of masculine characteristics in males. When it comes to women, this hormone is present in small amounts. The production of testosterone increases about 30 times more during adolescence and early adulthood.

This hormone plays an important role in building muscle mass and bones, and triggers the development of male characteristics including facial and pubic hair and a deep voice. Besides, it also significantly improves your sex life and your memory!

As you age, the levels drop and impact several functions in your body. You may suffer from low levels of testosterone (or hypogonadism) and may need testosterone replacement therapy. Of course, there are some natural ways to regulate this hormone as well. But first, let’s learn about a few benefits of testosterone:

  1. It is good for the heart:

    When you have a healthy heart, everything in your body functions well. It pumps blood to all the organs in the body, which in turn, enhances their performance. This hormone helps increase the production of red blood cells through the bone marrow. A decline in the levels of this hormone puts you at a high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

  1. Helps build muscle:

    Testosterone plays a significant role in increasing muscle mass in your body. A lean body mass helps maintain weight and also boosts your energy. Those who have low levels of this hormone can go for medical treatments like testosterone therapy. Of course, it works well when combined with strength training and other exercises.

  1. Stronger bones:

    When it comes to bone mineral density, testosterone is really important. As one ages, the density reduces and the levels drop, which puts one at risk of osteoporosis and other diseases. Strong bones are essential to support muscles and other internal organs, thereby improving the quality of life.

  1. Improved memory: 

    According to medical research, men with higher levels of testosterone have better verbal memory, spatial abilities and are at a lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. In fact, testosterone therapy has shown positive effects in older men and is known to improve cognitive capabilities.

  1. Great sex drive: 

    You can only have a great sex drive when your testosterone levels are in order. It is said that older men require higher levels for libido and erectile function. Remember, erectile dysfunction can also occur due to other reasons, so it is best to check with your doctor in case of any symptoms.

  1. Improves your mood and quality of life: 

    Low levels of this hormone are linked to poor quality of life, thereby triggering fatigue, depression and frequent mood swings in a person. Studies suggest that this only applies to men who have hypogonadism; it does not happen to men whose levels decrease naturally with age.

Before you plan to go for testosterone therapy, it is also important to deal with your levels naturally. Some foods, vitamins, and herbs, like garlic, oysters, salmon, apples as well as fruits and nuts, can help boost your testosterone levels. If nothing helps, consult your doctor immediately for a corrective course of action.

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