Dengue is a painful and weakness-inducing viral infection caused by any one of the four dengue viruses which are spread by infected daytime mosquitoes.
- Primarily, symptoms of dengue start with a high fever that is persistent
- Additionally, you may have – severe headaches, nausea, pain in the eyes, muscle & joint aches that last for 2-3 days
- Skin rashes may also appear 2-5 days after the onset of fever
If you see any of these symptoms, it is absolutely necessary to get a blood test done wherein, you may find a visibly low count of white blood cells and platelets.
If proper care and rest are not taken, dengue fever can worsen rapidly in some patient and turn fatal. Signs like breathing difficulty, bleeding from gums or nose should never be ignored. Such patients have to be managed only in hospitals with Intensive Care Units. If not treated right and on time, dengue fever can have some very serious to fatal complications are known as dengue haemorrhagic fever.
Dengue haemorrhagic fever
While the symptoms of dengue haemorrhagic fever are very similar to that of dengue, they are quite intensified and may even lead to a sudden drop in one’s blood pressure can be observed – medically known as Dengue Shock Syndrome.
Some of the signs you should be on the lookout for are as follows –
- Weak Pulse
- Redness on the face
- Big or small patches of blood under the skin
- Clammy / Sweaty skin
- Major loss of appetite
In some severe cases, organ damage and serious internal bleeding can also occur.
It is very important to be under medical supervision as a lot of contemplation needs to take place depending on the onset and severity of symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment with the right care plan can help manage dengue better.
Diet and lifestyle tips to manage dengue
Mentioned below are some tips on diet and lifestyle that can help in managing dengue better.
- Drink lots of fluids throughout the day
- Fluids help in hydration and can also help prevent the complications of dengue
- Drinking 3-4 litres of fluids is recommended
- These fluids include water, coconut water, ORS and other fruit juices, etc.
- A high protein diet with good hydration is very important during dengue and even after you’ve recently recovered from it
- You can include a lot of broccoli, pomegranate, and spinach in your diet to help increase and maintain a healthy platelet count
- There is a lot of noise about papaya leaf juice being very helpful in increasing the platelet count however, there is no sound clinical evidence supporting it. In case you do decide to consume papaya leaf juice or tablets, please be aware that in excess, it can cause stomach irritation which can lead to discomfort or diarrhoea
- Avoid spicy and oily foods at all costs as these might cause indigestion and increased acidity
- In a nutshell, stick to easily digestible foods. Stay hydrated. Get plenty of rest and avoid any strenuous activities until you recover completely