Learning about the types of STDs, the common symptoms of STD and modes of treatment is a good way to protect yourself from the diseaseS and their accompanying medical conditions. Few of the most common types of STDs are: HIV and AIDS: HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a viral STD that enters the body either through unprotected sex with an affected individual or by the sharing of needles or through blood transfusions. HIV leads to AIDS. Common symptoms of HIV include headache, frequent fevers, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, etc owing to a compromised immune system. Syphilis: Syphilis disease is a bacterial infection that spreads through sexual contact. Typical symptoms of syphilis include the occurrence of sores, that is initially painless, in the genital areas, mouth and rectum. Physical contact with these sores and the mucous of the affected individual can lead to the spread of syphilis disease from person to person. The disease varies in men and women in terms of the symptoms. Syphilis in men occurs as rashes not only on genital parts but also may appear on the palms and soles, whereas syphilis in women appears as small sores at the site the bacteria enters the body. This is usually in the genital area for women. Since this is an STD caused by bacteria, syphilis is curable in the early stages but can become severe and fatal if left untreated. This is why STD screenings and follow up syphilis treatment is of the utmost importance to prevent further damage. Chlamydia: This is a very common type of STD mainly because the symptoms of chlamydia are very hard to identify. It can also be easily passed from one individual to another. The common symptoms of chlamydia in women are painful periods and pain while urinating and during sex. In men, the common symptoms of this type of STD are the swelling of testicles, burning sensation while urinating and cloudy discharge. You can take up a Chlamydia test to diagnose the condition. STD treatment for chlamydia is of the utmost importance since it is difficult to detect. If left untreated, STD risk factors like permanent damage to the reproductive system can occur. Genital Warts: As the name suggests, genital warts are a type of STD that cause tiny growths on the genital area of individuals. They can be permanently treated once the underlying reason and STD causes for its occurrence are addressed. They are sexually transmitted and are caused by the HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus). The warts are usually accompanied by discomfort, pain and itchiness. Other types of STDs are genital herpes, gonorrhoea and trichomoniasis, to name a few. You can consult with a gynecologist, andrologist, fertility specialist or general physician in city_name_label for expert medical advice.