What exactly does a fertility expert perform?
An OB-GYN (Obstetrician/Gynaecologist) with knowledge of infertility and reproductive endocrinology is a fertility specialist. Specialists in reproductive health provide assistance to people in all areas of reproductive care. This covers fertility preservation, treatments for infertility, hereditary illnesses that could influence future offspring, and uterine issues. They also assist with ovulation problems such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis, and amenorrhea.
Understanding the difference between OB-GYN and Fertility Specialist
In general, you should consult a gynecologist or an obstetrician first for any concerns regarding a woman’s reproductive health.
However, an obstetrician or gynecologist might be unable to help you if you are particularly looking for medical assistance to become pregnant.
In order to assist patients with fertility concerns, doctors must possess some kind of specialized training.
In order to visit the appropriate medical specialist for your fertility concerns, it is crucial to grasp the differences between an Obstetrician/Gynecologist and a Fertility Specialist.
Obstetricians and gynecologists who have completed specialized training in reproductive endocrinology are known as fertility experts. They receive further training so they can help people who are having trouble conceiving.
What could result in infertility?
According to certain research, the causes of the fertility issues we see and address typically include:
- Age: Over the age of 35, aging becomes a factor for women trying to get pregnant.
- Male-related infertility: Numerous factors, such as hormonal imbalances, low semen quality or number, certain medications, diabetes, blocked testicular ducts, varicocele, or prior STDs, might contribute to male-factor infertility (STIs).
- Endometriosis: A significant side effect of endometriosis is fertility problems.
- Ovulation dysfunction or issues: Ovulation issues are most frequently caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
According to some studies, about 30% of the time, there are no evident causes for infertility. Couples are hunting for an answer because sperm analysis seems good and ovulation is occurring.
What kinds of tests might a fertility specialist order, and what do they indicate?
A fertility doctor will frequently do a full panel of tests to determine the reason for infertility and evaluate your reproductive potential. On the third day of your period, your doctor could do hormone tests. These include tests for luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and anti-Mullerian hormone. The results will determine the capacity of the eggs in your ovaries. The tiny antral follicles in the ovaries can also be counted with a transvaginal ultrasound. When taken together, these tests might indicate if your egg reserve is excellent, fair, or declining.
Your specialist may also do endocrine testing for thyroid illness or prolactin problems. Several situations may impact the ability to reproduce.
Your doctor can recommend a hysterosalpingogram, a specialized sort of X-ray test, to evaluate the uterus and fallopian tubes. This test determines your fallopian tubes state of openness and health. Additionally, it will reveal uterine issues, including polyps, fibroids, scar tissue, or a septum (wall) that can hinder embryo implantation or growth.
An office hysteroscopy, saline-infused sonography, or an endometrial biopsy are other uterine examination procedures. To find out if the sperm appearance, count, and motility are normal, a semen analysis may be performed. Additional preconception testing is available to check for genetic abnormalities and transmissible illnesses.
How long should I attempt to get pregnant before visiting a fertility specialist?
Your level of urgency and the specific information at your disposal will determine how to proceed. Before trying to conceive or when trying to plan their future reproductive health, many women will ask to have their fertility evaluated.
If you’ve been trying to conceive and are under 35, you should see a fertility doctor after a year of trying. Consult a specialist after six months if you’re over 35.
What medical options do I have if I’m unable to get pregnant?
There are numerous options for treating infertility. Your doctor may prescribe ovulation-stimulating medicines like clomiphene citrate and letrozole.
Other therapies include:
- Intrauterine insemination. (IUI)
- Ovulation induction with hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin).
- Follicle growth monitoring with blood tests and ultrasounds.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, IVF, and preimplantation genetic testing of embryos are more complicated therapies.
The choice you and your doctor make will depend on the goals of treatment as well as the length and cause of your infertility. Your fertility specialist will assist you in choosing the strategy that will produce the best results for you.
How well do fertility treatments work?
Treatments for infertility are effective, although results vary widely. The age of the woman and the reason for her infertility are the two most crucial variables.
Naturally, success rates are higher with more interventionist therapies. In cases of unexplained infertility, ovulation stimulation with intrauterine insemination techniques can have success rates of 5 to 10% every cycle. In those with ovulation abnormalities or when donor sperm is being utilized and there are no underlying female issues, this can increase to 18 percent. Live birth rates from IVF can range from 45 to 60 percent on average. If high-quality embryos are transplanted, this can improve live birth rates by up to 70%.
Book an appointment with a fertility specialist today!
Treatments for infertility can be costly, and finding the money to pay for them can be difficult. You can easily collaborate closely with MFine to acquaint yourself with the best fertility experts in Chandigarh. You can get information from them regarding insurance policies and prospective out-of-pocket expenses.
You can also consider treatment plans that could save money with your doctor. Along with other third-party initiatives, your dispensary may also have programs that provide fertility medications at discounted prices. If the price of the procedure worries you, talk about these choices with us.