Irregular menstruation is a fairly common problem in India that occurs due to several reasons. Certain events in your life such as pregnancy, breastfeeding or giving birth are also causes of irregular menstruation.
Here are some common causes of irregular menstruation:
Hormonal changes are a common cause of oligomenorrhea. Our body produces chemicals called hormones that act as a messenger system for various processes in the body. Imbalances occur when too much or too little of a hormone is produced. Hormonal imbalances are known to affect the menstrual If you notice that your cycle keeps getting longer, it may be due to hormonal imbalance and you should see a gynecologist to get treated for abnormal menstruation.
Menarche and Perimenopause
Menarche or the onset of periods in teengers is often accompanied by several unpredictable patterns and hormonal changes. It takes a few years for the body to enter into a regular pattern. Sometimes as a young teenager, you may have experienced erratic bursts of light, heavy periods or even no periods. However, in most cases, things eventually settle down and go back to normal. Irregular periods in teenage years is very common.
Perimenopause is also a common cause of Oligomenorrhea. Perimenopause is the period that precedes menopause, which is the final period you will experience in your lifetime. During perimenopause, several hormonal changes occur in the body and sometimes these menopause related issues can lead to Oligomenorrhea.
Other factors such as feeling very stressful, going on vacation, travelling frequently or suddenly losing lots of weight also lead to Oligomenorrhea. A healthy diet plays a very important role in regulating a healthy cycle, therefore, people with anorexia or other eating disorders often suffer from irregular menstrual bleeding. Sometimes, malnourishment also leads to Amenorrhea , which is your period completely stopping.
Excessive physical activity
Exercise is undoubtedly a necessary part of a healthy lifestyle, but working out too much or training hard for a professional sport often causes irregular menstrual bleeding. Many professional athletes and fitness enthusiasts suffer from this problem.
Being overweigt or obese
Being obese and overweight lead to an increase in the estrogen levels in the body. Estrogen plays an important role in regulating the menstrual cycle. Following a healthy diet, exercising and following weight management tips as recommended by a dietitian often solves the problem of irregular menses.
Hormonal medications such as birth control pills have a significant impact on the menstrual cycle. Contraceptive devices such as IUDs can also lead to irregular periods. While some women experience heavier periods due to medications, many also experience Oligomenorrhea. Anticoagulants, epilepsy treatments, anti depression medications also affect the period cycle and can lead to abnormal menstruation.
Underlying health conditions
Sudden irregular periods are sometimes indicative of an underlying health condition, which can be serious and requires medical attention. Some common underlying causes of irregular menses include:
Consult top lady doctors on MFine to understand your causes of irregular menses