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What's the process to book a liver function blood test in Mumbai?
What is Liver Function Test used for?
A liver function test is used for detecting the disorders or infections in the liver. However, the blood report can also be used for understanding the other abnormalities related to other organs such as the heart, lungs, bones, kidneys, and muscles.
What is included in a Liver Function Test?
The following enzymes and substances are analyzed in the blood. This test is conducted by a certified lab technician.
Bilirubin: When the red blood cells break down, bilirubin is made in our body which is yellow in colour. In a healthy person, when the bilirubin is made, processed by the liver, it is safely removed from the body through urine or stool. However, if the liver is not healthy, the processing of bilirubin becomes difficult as a result it starts to build up in the blood resulting in the yellow colour of eyes and skin.
Total protein test: Through the total protein test, the amount of albumin and globulin in the blood is measured. These are the two proteins that are made in the liver.
Albumin: This is made in the liver and it prevents fluid in the blood vessels from leaking out. This is known as oncotic plasma pressure. Edema is the condition where the excess fluid is flown out from the blood vessels into the tissues. Albumin also plays a role in carrying out different substances such as fatty acids, ions, bilirubin, etc throughout the body.
Globulins: These are a group of proteins that are spherical in shape that are larger than albums. Globulins are synthesized in the liver. There are different types of globulins that perform different functions such as blood clotting, immunoglobulins help in fighting against infections, and help in transporting hormones to different parts of the body
- Lipoproteins carry fats and cholesterol throughout the body.
- If the total protein in the liver is lower than normal, it may lead to conditions such as edema where the ankles and feet swell, ascites where the abdomen swell, and there will also be puffiness of the face.
- If the total protein in the liver is higher than normal, it could be cancer, HIV, inflammation, dehydration, or hepatitis.
- The ratio of albumin to globulin in a healthy person is between 1.0 to 2.1. If the ratio is less than 1, it indicates chronic liver disease, cancer, or kidney disease.
Liver Function Test Procedure
A liver function test is used for checking the levels of enzymes and proteins in our blood.
- It is recommended to fast for 8-10 hours before undertaking the test.
- The blood sample is collected from the vein by inserting a needle into it. The collected blood sample is stored in a test tube. This is then sent to the lab for further analysis.
- When the needle is inserted into the vein, you may feel a sting in your arm, however, the pain will reduce immediately.
- With the help of state-of-the-art technology, the blood sample will be analyzed by the lab technician.
- Once the analysis is completed, the blood test results will be available on the MFine app within the next 24-48 hours.
How to prepare for the Liver Function Test?
It is advised to fast for 8-10 hours before the test is conducted. It is also advisable not to consume alcohol for a few days before the test is conducted. Keeping your doctor informed about the medications is also important. All these are required in order to obtain accurate results.
Things to consider after the Liver Function Test is completed.
Once the test results are available, consult your doctor who would recommend treatment based on your test results. Please do not self diagnose your health condition.
What Type of Infections can a Liver Function Test Detect?
Through liver function tests, abnormalities related to the liver and other vital organs such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, bones, and muscles can be detected. Therefore, it is advised to consult your doctor to get treated for the underlying conditions. In particular infections like hepatitis lead to an increase in Liver enzymes detected by LFT.
How much does a Liver Function Test Cost?
The cost may vary from city to city. However, the starting price of the test is between ₹140 and ₹500. From the below table, you can book the liver function test:
|Book Liver Function Test in Bangalore||₹ 208|
|Book Liver Function Test in Delhi||₹ 142|
|Book Liver Function Test in Kolkata||₹ 423|
|Book Liver Function Test in Chennai||₹ 423|
|Book Liver Function Test in Mumbai||₹ 499|
|Book Liver Function Test in Hyderabad||₹ 423|
|Book Liver Function Test in Noida||₹ 142|
|Book Liver Function Test in Gurgaon||₹ 142|
|Book Liver Function Test in Pune||₹ 423|
How long does it take to get LFT Results?
Once the blood samples are dropped at the labs, the test results will be available on the MFine app for download within the next 24-48 hours.
Is Liver Function a Definitive Test?
An LFT is used for detecting abnormalities related to the liver along with the other organs such as the heart, kidney, lungs, muscles, bones, etc. It is not a definitive test. Therefore, it is advised to visit your doctor to understand the problem and get it diagnosed at the earliest.
How to read the Liver Function Blood Test Report?
|Liver Function Profile, Serum||Biological reference in healthy individuals (Normal value)||Units|
|Gamma Glutamyl transferase||0-50||U/L|
Why to book a Liver Function test?
- The liver is the largest internal organ of your body. It plays a vital role in metabolism and energy generation. The carbohydrates, proteins and fats in your food are broken down and processed in the liver to generate energy. Therefore, any damage to liver cells can lead to many diseases that may require medical intervention. A liver function test is done to diagnose liver, kidney, heart and bone diseases or monitor your overall health condition.
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What does it measure?
- Bilirubin: Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is made when RBCs break down. In a healthy person, bilirubin is chemically altered by the liver and safely removed by urine and stool. But when the liver cells are damaged, excess bilirubin is not processed and, as a result, builds up in your blood resulting in yellow colouration of eyes and skin.
- The total protein test: This test measures the amount of albumin and globulin in the blood. These two proteins are made in the liver (except immunoglobulin, a form of globulin protein made in the immune cells).
- Albumin is manufactured in the liver and helps maintain oncotic plasma pressure, i.e. they prevent fluid from leaking out of the blood vessels. If excess fluid were to flow out from blood vessels into the nearby tissues, it could result in edema (swelling caused by fluid trapped in your body's tissue). The other role of albumins is also to carry different substances such as bilirubin, ions, fatty acids etc., throughout your body.
- Globulins are a group of proteins that are spherical or global in shape. They are larger than albumins and are synthesized in the liver or the immune cells. The different types of globulins are clotting proteins that help in blood clotting, immunoglobulins that help fight infections, and lipoproteins that carry fats and cholesterol throughout your body.
- If the total protein levels are lower than normal, it could lead to pedal edema (swelling of ankles and feet), Ascites (swelling of the abdomen) or puffiness of the face.
- If the total protein levels are higher than normal, it could mean cancer, hepatitis, HIV, inflammation or dehydration.
- In healthy persons, the albumin/globulin ratio is between 1.0 and 2.1. Anything less than 1 indicates chronic liver disease, cancer or kidney disease.
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT): As mentioned earlier, the liver is called the body's powerhouse, i.e., they convert the food we eat (carbohydrates, proteins and fats) into energy. Alanine aminotransferase is an enzyme (a form of protein) that helps break down proteins so that our bodies can utilize them as energy. However, when the liver is damaged, it is unable to utilize ALT. As a result, more ALT would be released into your bloodstream, and its level would rise. ALT is more specific to the liver. Thus higher levels of ALT in the blood usually indicate damage to liver cells.
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST): Aspartate aminotransferase, like Alanine aminotransferase, also helps in protein metabolism. But unlike the ALT, AST is also specific to muscle, liver, heart, and kidneys. Thus higher levels of AST in the bloodstream may mean heart, muscle or kidney disease.
- Alkaline phosphatase (ALP): Alkaline phosphatase is made in the liver (mainly in the bile duct), bones, intestines, and pregnant women's placenta. They help in the metabolism of protein & fat and bone development. Abnormal levels of ALP in the blood suggest biliary tract obstruction (gallstones), hepatitis, cirrhosis, osteoporosis or pregnancy.
- Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT): Gamma-glutamyltransferase is found in the bile duct, spleen, heart, pancreas and brain but not in the bone and placenta. Therefore it becomes a vital bio-marker to differentiate between liver and bone diseases.
- Lactate dehydrogenase: It is an enzyme that helps in the conversion of glucose to energy. It is found in all essential organs such as the heart, RBCs, lungs, kidneys, pancreas, liver, skeletal muscles and placenta. Any damage to these cells may result in excess lactate dehydrogenase spilling out into the bloodstream. Doctors would typically analyze different isomers of lactate dehydrogenase to narrow down on your disease. For example, LDH isomer 4 is specific to the kidney, LDH isomers 2, 3 is specific to the lungs.
What happens to your sample?
What do abnormal results indicate?
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
- Heart disease
- Muscle damage
- Lung disease
- Bone disease