Antibodies are proteins produced in our bodies to fight infections. Our immune system functions to detect any microorganism that poses a threat to the normal working of organs. Once such microorganisms are detected, antibodies are manufactured by the host, which may take a few days to weeks. These antibodies bind to the antigen, in this case, the Hepatitis C Virus, forming an antigen-antibody complex thus eliminating or modifying the virus.
Our liver works to filter blood and helps break down poisonous substances such as alcohol and drugs and drives away waste from the body by producing bile.
When the liver is infected with Hepatitis C Virus, it can produce the following symptoms:
- Nausea or lightheadedness
- Dark urine
- Gray or clay-coloured stools
- Reduced appetite
- Yellow colour skin (jaundice)
- Stomach or lower abdomen pain
- Severe disease can also lead to mental confusion and profuse swelling of the abdomen, and hands and feet.
The presence or absence of antibodies to the Hepatitis C Virus are confirmed with an anti HCV test.