Best Treatment for Melasma on Face Approved by Dermatologists
6 Min Read
Worried about the dark patches on your skin? Are those dark patches affecting your confidence levels? Well, you need not worry about it anymore. We have the best dermatologist-approved skincare products and treatments for Melasma. In this article, we will be covering the causes, and symptoms of Melasma and certain treatments to cure Melasma. Keep reading till the end to watch a detailed video by a dermatologist on how to remove dark spots on face.
What Is Melasma?
Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by the development of brown or gray-brown patches on the face, particularly on the cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, and above the upper lip. While it can affect anyone, it is more prevalent in women, especially those with darker skin tones.
What Are The Symptoms Of Melasma?
- Dark, irregularly shaped patches on the face, commonly on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and upper lip.
- Patches may vary in size and can gradually become more prominent over time.
What Are The Causes Of Melasma?
A. Hormonal Factors:
Melasma is often referred to as the “mask of pregnancy” because it frequently occurs in pregnant women. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, particularly increased levels of estrogen and progesterone, can stimulate the production of melanin (the pigment responsible for skin color), leading to the development of dark patches on the skin. Read about skin problems in Indian women.
2) Birth Control Pills
Hormonal birth control methods, such as birth control pills, patches, or hormonal IUDs, can influence hormone levels and contribute to the development of melasma, especially in women with a predisposition to the condition.
B. Sun Exposure:
1) Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation
Exposure to sunlight is a significant trigger for melasma. UV rays can stimulate the melanocytes (pigment-producing cells) in the skin, leading to an overproduction of melanin and the formation of dark patches. This is why melasma is more common in areas of the skin that are frequently exposed to the sun.
C. Genetic Predisposition:
1) Family History
Individuals with a family history of melasma are more likely to develop the condition themselves.
D. Darker Skin Tones:
Melasma is more prevalent in individuals with darker skin tones. People with more melanin in their skin are generally more susceptible to pigmentary changes.
E. Other Factors:
1) Cosmetic Products
Certain cosmetic products, particularly those that irritate the skin, may contribute to the development or worsening of melasma.
Some medications, such as antiepileptics, can trigger melasma as a side effect.
Understanding these various factors can help in the management and prevention of melasma. It’s essential for individuals experiencing symptoms of melasma to consult with a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan based on their specific situation.
How Is Melasma Diagnosed?
Melasma is typically diagnosed through a dermatologist’s evaluation of the patient’s medical history, skin examination, and sometimes additional tests. The diagnostic process for melasma involves the following steps:
1) Medical History
The dermatologist will begin by taking a detailed medical history, including information about the patient’s symptoms, the duration of pigmentation changes, and any relevant family history of skin conditions.
2) Skin Examination
A thorough examination of the affected skin will be conducted to assess the appearance, distribution, and characteristics of the pigmented patches.
3) Rule Out Other Conditions
The dermatologist may perform tests or examinations to rule out other skin conditions that may present with similar symptoms, such as fungal infections, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or certain types of dermatitis.
4) Wood’s Lamp Examination
A Wood’s lamp, which emits ultraviolet (UV) light, can help highlight the pigmented areas of the skin. Melasma may appear more clearly under UV light, assisting in the diagnosis.
5) Skin Biopsy
In some cases, a skin biopsy may be recommended, although this is not common for diagnosing melasma. A small sample of skin tissue is taken and examined under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other skin conditions.
6) Understand Triggers and Contributing Factors
Dermatologists will inquire about potential triggers and contributing factors such as hormonal changes, sun exposure, and the use of specific medications. Understanding these factors helps guide the treatment plan.
What Is The Best Treatment For Melasma On Face?
Do you also have this question of how can I remove melasma from my face? Well, don’t worry. Once diagnosed, the dermatologist will recommend an appropriate treatment plan tailored to your specific situation, which may include topical medications, dermatological procedures, sun protection measures, and lifestyle changes.
Regular follow-ups with the dermatologist may be necessary to monitor progress and adjust the treatment plan as needed.
Topical Medications To Treat Melasma
Well, the best treatment for pigmentation varies from person to person. However, dermatologists usually recommend the following to treat Melasma.
A topical agent that lightens skin by reducing the production of melanin. It is often considered the first-line treatment for melasma. Available in various concentrations, like lotion, gel, and creams, it should be used under the guidance of a dermatologist due to potential side effects with prolonged use.
2) Tretinoin and Corticosteroids
These may be prescribed in combination with hydroquinone to enhance its effectiveness. Tretinoin helps promote skin turnover, while corticosteroids reduce inflammation and irritation.
3) Azelaic Acid
Azelaic acid targets pigmentation and uneven skin tone. It helps to control sebum production, dark spots and acne scars. It also brightens the skin and gives an even complexion.
4) Kojic Acid
Kojic acid targets pigmentation concerns. It evens out skin tone and brightens and lightens dark spots.
Is your skin dry? And you are facing pigmentation issues? Worry not, MFine Anti-Pigmentation Kit – Dry Skin, is here to solve all your pigmentation problems.
5) Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
Ascorbic acid promotes a radiant complexion by helping to fade away dark spots and pigmentation. This acid provides antioxidant protection and enhances overall skin brightness.
If you have a combination skin type, you must try out MFine Anti-Pigmentation Kit – Combination skin.
6) Niacinamide (Vitamin B3)
Niacinamide is a versatile ingredient known for its ability to improve skin texture. Niacinamide works by inhibiting the transfer of melanin from melanocytes to surrounding skin cells. It also helps to reduce inflammation and improve the overall tone and texture of the skin.
Other Medical Procedures To Cure Melasma
1) Chemical Peels
Chemical peels involve applying a chemical solution to the skin, causing it to exfoliate and peel off. This can help improve the appearance of melasma by removing the top layer of pigmented skin.
This procedure uses a machine to exfoliate the outer layer of the skin, helping to reduce the appearance of melasma.
3) Laser Therapy
Various laser and light-based therapies can target pigmented areas, breaking down melanin and improving skin tone. Multiple sessions may be required, and results can vary.
Check out this video by an expert dermatologist on how to remove dark spots.
Can I Prevent Melasma?
Are you also wondering how I can prevent Melasma? There are certain precautions one can take to prevent melasma.
1) Sun Protection
Wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF, along with protective clothing and accessories, can help prevent melasma or minimize its worsening. Is your face tanned because of the sun? Worry not, you can now get rid of face tan easily at home.
2) Hormonal Control
For women, managing hormonal changes through contraception choices and avoiding unnecessary hormonal medications may be considered.
3) Skin Care
Using gentle skin care products and avoiding harsh chemicals can help prevent skin irritation that may worsen melasma. Follow this AM PM Skincare routine to get healthy and glowing skin.
Q/A on Melasma
Q. Which is the best cream for Melasma?
Ans: Based on your condition, a dermatologist will suggest you the best Melasma creams. However, if you are facing pigmentation issues, you can check out MFine’s newly launched Derma Essentials, personalized skincare products just for you. All you need to do is take a FREE skin assessment on the MFine app, post which you will be recommended a customized skincare kit. Isn’t this amazing?
Q. How can I permanently treat melasma at home?
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