Health A to Z Last updated on 2021-03-25 19:40:56
Prostate Enlargement: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
- Dr. Abhishtita Mudunuri
- 3 Min Read
One of the conditions that manifest in men as they get older is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). Also known as prostate enlargement, the treatment for this condition is simple and effective, especially when handled by an experienced medical professional. We are here to help you with more information about this condition. If you do happen to feel any of the symptoms mentioned below, you should consult your urologist at the earliest. There are a lot of treatments available for this condition and your urologist can help you with the right course of treatment based on your symptoms, the prostate size, and any other conditions you might have.
CausesThe cause prostate enlargement is unclear. However, it has been observed that most men have prostate growth through the course of their lives, and this continued growth enlarges the organ enough to cause problems in the urinary systems and flow. It has been theorized that the growth can be caused due to changes in sex hormones as men grow older.
SymptomsYour prostate gland is situated under the bladder, and through it passes a tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body through an organ called the urethra. It is an enlarged prostate that starts blocking this urine flow. BPH also shows itself through common symptoms like the need to urinate urgently and often, a rise in the urge to urinate during the nights, difficulty to begin urinating, a urine stream that is in fits and starts, and feeling like the bladder isn’t fully empty. In addition to this, there are also some symptoms that might be severe, such as bloody urine, a urinary tract infection or the inability to pass urine. However, do not panic. The higher intensity of the symptoms doesn’t signify a more serious problem. It is common to have significant symptoms with only slightly enlarged prostates and vice versa. It is best to book an appointment with your doctor and get a check-up just to be sure.
RiskWhile its exact cause cannot be definitely determined, there are a few risk factors you can keep in mind while dealing with prostate enlargement. Do remember that if you have a family member with the same problem, you are at a higher risk of developing this condition although the symptoms are rarely experienced by men under 40. Studies also show that other conditions like diabetes, heart diseases, and beta-blocker usage might increase the risk, while obesity might also play a significant part.
General treatmentThe treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia is based on the severity of the symptoms. How these symptoms affect the patient's daily life and preferences are also taken into consideration. If the symptoms are very mild, the doctor might suggest some lifestyle changes like reducing the intake of alcoholic and caffeinated beverages. Some exercise and daily activity also help a lot. If your BHP symptoms are moderate, the doctor will first try to help you with medication and in case that doesn't help, you might have to undergo minimally invasive surgery.
In conclusionProstate enlargement or BPH should not be a huge cause of concern; men might not even need any treatment if the symptoms are not bothersome and don't affect their daily life. A urologist might recommend regular check-ups to ensure that the condition is treated at the first sign of trouble, so ensure you take your doctor’s advice and follow it well.
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