Creatine Phosphokinase (CPK) Price, Labs and Bookings [2022-23]Dr. Sreelekha DaruvuriLast Updated on 9th February 2022
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What is the CPK test used for?
A CPK test measures the concentration of total CPK enzymes in the patient’s serum.
- To detect any cardiac muscle damage that helps diagnose a heart attack.
- To determine the effectiveness of the provided therapy in terms of muscle damage.
- To identify the source of chest pain.
- To determine muscular dystrophy.
- To diagnose dermatomyositis, malignant hyperthermia, polymyositis, and other muscle diseases.
What is included in the CPK test?
In the CPK test, the total creatine phosphokinase (CPK) enzyme level is measured in the blood serum when a muscle is under stress or injured, CPK leaks into the blood and elevated levels.
There are three main isoenzymes of CPK. CPK-BB is present in the lungs and brain. CPK-MB is a more specific marker of myocardial muscle, whereas CPK-MM is a marker of skeletal muscle. Finding which specific form of CPK is elevated helps determine which tissue has been damaged.
A certified lab technician conducts this test.
Procedure for CPK test
- This test requires a blood sample which is usually collected from the vein. It should only take a few minutes to collect the sample.
- A topical antiseptic is applied to the inside of your elbow to clean a small area of your skin. An elastic band is then wrapped around your upper arm to apply pressure to find a vein.
- Once a vein is seen, a sterile needle is inserted to draw blood into a small tube.
- When the needle is inserted, you may feel a sting; however, the pain will dissipate almost immediately.
- After that, a small bandage will be applied at the procedure site.
- The sample is labeled and sent to our accredited labs of your choice (made during the booking) for further processing.
- With the help of state-of-the-art technology, the blood sample will be analysed by the lab technician.
- Once the analysis is completed, the blood test results will be available on the MFine app within the next 24-48 hours.
How to prepare for the CPK test?
CPK blood test is a simple blood test and does not require any special requirements or fasting before the test. Samples can be taken as per the convenience of the patient. Inform the doctor regarding any prescription medication or special drugs you are taking. Certain medications, for example, can interfere with CPK testing.
- Amphotericin B
Other factors that can cause an increase in levels of CPK are
- Vigorous exercise
- Intramuscular injections
- Recently performed surgery
- Cardiac Catheterisation.
Things to consider after the CPK test is complete.
Once the test results are available, a general physician, cardiologist, neurologist, nephrologist, or surgeon in your city will review CPK blood test reports and discuss the diagnosis with you.They will recommend and guide you through treatment and any subsequent follow-ups if the levels are high. If you are in the hospital, this test may be repeated in the next two or three days. Please do not attempt to self-diagnose your medical condition.
What types of infection can CPK test detect?
The following are some diseases that can be diagnosed using a CPK test:
- Dermatomyositis is a rare disease that causes muscle weakness and skin rash.
- Polymyositis is a type of muscle disease that causes muscle pain and stiffness.
- In electric shock, the musculoskeletal system is the most affected.
- Malignant hyperthermia
- Brain injury or stroke
- Other conditions of muscle breakdown.
How much does the CPK test cost?
Through the MFine app, you can now book CPK tests from certified lab partners in your city.
Certified lab partners of MFine for CPK test
|Prima Diagnostics||Starts at ₹412|
|5th Vital Labs||Starts at ₹495|
|Orange Health||Starts at ₹260|
|Predlabs||Starts at ₹364|
|5th Vital Labs||Starts at ₹495|
|Aster Labs||Starts at ₹400|
|Human Health||Starts at ₹330|
*Disclaimer: The value varies based on location, time, and your preferred lab partner.
How long does it take to get the results for the CPK test?
You can expect to get the results for the CPK test within 24 to 48 hours after the sample is collected. However, in some instances, depending on the location, medical advice, and preferred lab partner, it may take longer.
What do abnormal CPK test results indicate?
The average CPK level is 20 to 200 micrograms per litre (mcg/L). Normal CPK test value varies slightly between laboratories, from male to female and between races. Discuss the test reports with your doctor.
High levels of CPK may indicate:
- Muscle injuries
- Hormonal disorders like hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism
- Viral infections
- Diseases affecting the heart, brain, and muscles like a heart attack, an inflammation of the heart muscle, a brain injury, convulsions, delirium tremens, or a stroke.
- Diseases of muscles like Rhabdomyolysis, polio.
- Muscle injury caused during a road traffic accident.
- Heart problems like myocardial infarction, pericarditis,
- Muscle dystrophy
- Lung tissue death (pulmonary infarction)
- Dermatomyositis or polymyositis
Low levels of CPK may indicate:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Bedridden patients who have very low activity
Disclaimer: Please consult with your doctor to interpret the test reports.
Is CPK a definitive test?
The most specific diagnostic for muscular dystrophy is a creatine phosphokinase (CPK) measurement (MD). CPK levels that are elevated are a sign of muscular illness. Hemolysis has little effect on CPK levels since the concentration of CPK in red blood cells is negligible. CPK, like the other enzymes tested, is unaffected by liver disease.as are the other tested enzymes (e.g., aldolase, transaminases, lactate). High CPK levels represent leakage of the enzyme from the muscle cells only.
The timing and pattern of a fall or rise in CPK levels are significant in making a diagnosis, particularly after a heart attack or myocardial infarction. Early diagnosis of acute Myocardial infarction helps in planning the treatment. CPK values must be assessed within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms for more accurate results.
How to read the CPK test report?
If your results show you have a higher than normal level of CK, it may mean you have an injury or disease of the muscles, heart, or brain. To get more information, your provider may order tests to check the levels of specific CK enzymes:
- If you have higher than normal CK-MM enzymes, it may mean you have a muscle injury or diseases, such as muscular dystrophy or rhabdomyolysis.
- If you have higher than normal CK-MB enzymes, it may mean you have an inflammation of the heart muscle or are having or recently had a heart attack. The CK-MB test is a cardiac marker that is used to help in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. It detects the presence of CK-MB in the blood, which is a combination of two variants of the enzyme phosphocreatine kinase.
- If you have higher than normal CK-BB enzymes, it may mean you have had a stroke or brain injury.
Other conditions that can cause higher than normal CK levels include:
- Blood clots
- Hormonal disorders, including disorders of the thyroid and adrenal glands
- Lengthy surgery
- Certain medicines
- Strenuous exercise can increase creatinine level elevation. It is possible to be healthy and have a high creatinine kinase level. Therefore, it is important to consult your doctor before undertaking any strenuous physical excercise.
Why book a CPK test?
A CPK test is performed to determine the total CPK level in your body. CPK isoenzyme testing can assist in determining the exact source of the damaged tissue.
CPK is made of three slightly different substances:
- CPK-1 (also known as CPK-BB) is mostly seen in the lungs and brain
- CPK-2 (also known as CPK-MB) is mostly seen in the cardiac muscle
- CPK-3 (also known as CPK-MM) is seen in skeletal muscle
This test is used to:
✔ help in diagnosing a heart attack.
✔ evaluate the cause of chest pain.
✔ determine if or how badly a muscle is damaged.
✔ to detect dermatomyositis, polymyositis, and other muscle diseases.
✔ tell the difference between malignant hyperthermia and postoperative infection
the pattern and timing of a rise or fall in CPK levels can be significant in making a diagnosis. This is particularly true if a heart attack is suspected.
CPK test at home – how does it work?
The CPK test is just like any other blood test. A lab technician visits your home when you book your tests through the MFine app. The lab technician first cleans the arm and then inserts a syringe into a vein. The required amount of blood is then taken into a vial. The lab technician then removes the needle and places cotton wool or a bandage over the prick.
Are there any risks involved with the CPK test?
The CPK blood test is a relatively safe procedure with minor side effects. The following are some possible side effects of the CPK test:
- Minor bruises or soreness may form at the site of injection. By applying pressure to the affected area for several minutes, you can reduce the likelihood of bruising.
- In rare cases, the vein may swell after the blood sample is taken. This condition is known as phlebitis. This can be treated with a warm compress several times per day.
- Some people may experience dizziness, fainting, or infection at the puncture site.
What can affect the results of the CPK test?
Test results may vary or show an increased level of CPK if you have any of the following before the test:
- Procedures like cardiac catheterisation.
- Consumption of alcohol.
- Strenuous physical exercise.
- Skeletal muscle injury.
- Certain medications and supplements.
Our Trusted Lab Partners for Creatine Phosphokinase Test
For further assistance
Frequently Asked Questions | FAQs
Is the lab technician visiting my house for the CPK test sample collection vaccinated?
Yes. Our lab technicians are fully vaccinated. Further, they also ensure safety by wearing a mask, gloves and frequently sanitising themselves during the sample collection.
Does MFine provide the interpretation for the results along with the reports?
Yes, MFine provides the interpretation for the result and the reports. You can also avail a free medical consultation with a doctor to understand your reports accurately. The doctor will also advise and prescribe medicines, if required, based on the results.
How can I download my CPK test report?
- Login to MFine
- Go to your profile
- Click on Attachment and Reports
- Click on Lab Report
- Download the report.
Are there any discount offers running on CPK test?
Usually, you can avail of up to a 50% discount on CPK Test through MFine. However, the discount and test price may vary based on lab partner and location.
What are the symptoms associated with muscle disorders?
Muscle disorders may cause symptoms like muscle weakness, cramps, pain in the body, problems in movement, delayed growth, double vision, tingling or painful sensations, etc.
Is there anything else I should be aware of CPK testing?
Other blood tests, such as an electrolyte panel and kidney function tests, may be ordered in addition to a CPK test.
Is it possible to treat high CPK levels caused by muscle inflammation?
CPK can be significantly elevated in various forms of myositis or muscle inflammation. Early evaluation and treatment can help reverse muscle weakness.
How quickly can CPK levels fall?
Serum Creatine phosphokinase levels begin to increase 2–12 hours after injury to muscle tissue, peak within 24–72 hours, and then gradually decline over 7–10 days.
Can dehydration cause elevated CPK levels?
Serum CK levels were higher in the dehydrated individuals than in the non-dehydrated individuals. The high level of serum CPK in the dehydrated wrestlers would decrease their performance and restrict their movements due to muscle pains.
What exactly is rhabdomyolysis?
Rhabdomyolysis is the rapid breakdown of muscle tissue. It happens when there is severe physical, chemical, or biological damage to the muscles. It can occur due to trauma, severe burns, electrical shock, thrombosis. Metabolic disorders affecting muscle, muscular dystrophy, uncontrolled diabetes, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and drug abuse are all causes of rhabdomyolysis.
Is CPK increased in pregnancy?
Studies have shown that total CPK levels are significantly higher in women with ectopic pregnancy. Evaluation of total CPK helps in diagnosing tubal pregnancy.
Disclaimer: The content is uniquely informative and is meant for educational use. Kindly use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified or registered healthcare provider.