Today, there is not much difference between tier 1 and tier 2 cities, both types of cities are witnessing stressful and unhealthy lifestyles being prevalent. This has caused numerous diseases, such as non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular disease, neuro-related diseases, asthma, cancer, diabetes, depression, and infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, pneumonia, dengue, etc. In tier-II cities, too witnessing transition in lifestyles, diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, blood pressure, high cholesterol, etc. are more prevalent.
In Mumbai, there are around 2500 labs, including hospital-based laboratories, clinics, and private labs. These labs primarily perform pathology tests, including blood tests, stool tests, pap smears, urine tests, thyroid profiles, lipid profiles, sugar testing (diabetes), allergy tests, and so on, to detect the cause of specific conditions. They also offer health check packages that include a complete or master health check, as well as speciality checks for diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other ailments. Labs also do scans and other tests such as ECG, ultrasonography, and mammography.