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Cases done
by Urologists


Why and How do Calculi (Stones) Develop in The Ureter and Kidney?


The formation of solid masses of crystals in the ureter and kidney.

About 5- 12% of the population faces the risk of a urinary tract stone during its lifetime, and recurrence rates approach 50%. [1]

- Medical diagnosis by a general physician or nephrologist is required for confirmation.
- Affects both men and women.
- Lab tests, spiral CT scan, ultrasound, or IVU are often required.
- Can be physically painful.
Kidney and ureter stones usually develop either in the kidneys or in the lower urinary tract. They are caused by the presence of excessive concentrations of salts and minerals in the body. Small stones might pass through the urine without causing any harm, but larger calculi can block the ureter causing severe pain.
Ages Affected - <30 years - often less; between 30 and 55 years - more often; >55 years - often


Partially Self-diagnosable
Symptoms include peristaltic pains and hematuria, which is why getting evaluated by a doctor is necessary.

People May Experience
Pain - severe intermittent of pain in the back and lower ribs.
Uncontrolled urination - Infrequent and increased urination.
Uneasiness - Vomiting and nausea.


Self-care: Proper hydration, maintaining a healthy diet, and body weight.
Medications: Take narcotics such as calcium antagonists, NSAIDs, and α - blockers can be taken per prescription by a physician.
Specialists: Other treatments such as ureteroscopy, lithotripsy, or nephrolithotomy can be provided by a consulting nephrologist or urologist. Contact the experts at mfine for the most appropriate treatment suggestions.

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