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What do Mandible and PA mean?

Mandible is the lower jawbone.1 A PA X- ray (posteroanterior) is an X-ray in which the beams pass from the back of the body to the front.2

What is a PA X-ray of the Mandible??45

Mandible is one of the most commonly fractured facial bones. These fractures or dislocations can be caused by assault, blunt trauma or automobile accidents. An X-ray is required to determine the extent of injuries (isolated injury or multi-injury) caused and prescribe the required treatment.

The following symptoms require mandibular X-ray:

  • Facial swelling.
  • Pain or discomfort around the jaw.
  • Difficulty in swallowing or breathing.
  • Bruises on the jaw.
  • Stiffness or numbness in the jaw.
  • Teeth not lining up.

In case these symptoms show, a doctor must be immediately consulted. This X- ray is also performed in case of any inflammation or neoplasms (abnormal growth of cells leading to tumour).

How is a PA Mandibular X-ray performed?5

Mandibular X – ray is performed by a lab technician and requires the following:

  • You will be asked to remove any clothes, jewellery, or other objects on your face which might interfere with the scanning procedure.
  • You will be asked to stand or sit with your head facing the X-ray plate.
  • Multiple pictures at different positions and angles might be taken for e.g. back of your head, left and right side of head, open mouth etc.
  • Relatives of the patient might be asked to wait outside the room for safety reasons. A staff member/ lab technician would be present to assist and monitor the patient all the time.
  • The procedure might cause some pain and discomfort.

After the pictures are available in a few hours, the doctor analyses them to confirm if you have fractured jaw. The treatment procedure is then determined which includes prescribing medication or additionally performing a surgery to fix the dislocated jaw.

Side effects/risks of Mandibular PA X-ray67

Mandibular X-rays are safe. They expose to you a very low level of radiation and do not cause any serious health problems.

Preparation before performing Mandibular PA X-ray7

There is no special preparation required before an X-ray. You can go to a radiologist and get it done right away. But the doctor will ask you about your medical history since it might have an effect on the X-ray for e.g. if you are pregnant, are undergoing any other medical treatment, have a diet restriction, had any past medical illness or surgery etc.

Post-care after Mandibular PA X-ray67

There are no side effects of regular X-rays. You should be able to return to your normal daily activities immediately.

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