Mandible is the lower jaw bone. In X – Ray Mandible AP and LAT, the beams pass from the front of the body to the back (AP indicates anteroposterior and LAT, lateral)
What is an AP and LAT X-ray of the Mandible?
Mandible is one of the most commonly fractured facial bones. These fractures or dislocations can be caused by assault, blunt trauma or automobile accidents. A Mandible AP and LAT X – ray is required to determine the extent of injuries (isolated injury or multi-injury) caused and prescribe the required treatment.
The following symptoms require mandibular X-ray:
- Facial swelling.
- Pain or discomfort around the jaw.
- Difficulty in swallowing or breathing.
- Bruises on the jaw.
- Stiffness or numbness in the jaw.
- Teeth not lining up.
In case these symptoms show, it is important to consult a doctor or take medical assistance immediately. The Mandible AP and LAT X – ray is also performed in case of any inflammation or neoplasms (abnormal growth of cells leading to tumour).
How is an AP and LAT Mandibular X – ray performed?
Mandibular X – ray (AP and LAT) is performed by a lab technician and requires the following:
- The patient is asked to remove any clothes, jewellery, or other metal objects that may interfere with the scanning procedure.
- The patient is asked to stand or sit with the head facing the X-ray plate.
- Multiple images at different positions and angles are taken, e.g., back of the head, left and right side of the head, and open mouth.
- Relatives of the patient would be asked to wait outside the room for safety reasons. A staff member/ lab technician would be present to assist and monitor the patient all the time.
- The procedure may cause some pain and discomfort.
After the images are available in a few hours, the doctor analyses them to confirm if the patient has a fractured jaw. The treatment procedure is then determined, which includes prescribing medication or additionally performing a surgery to fix the dislocated jaw.
Side effects/risks of Mandibular AP and LAT X – ray
Mandibular AP and LAT X – rays are safe. The patient is exposed to very low levels of radiation, which do not cause any severe health problems.
Preparation before performing Mandibular AP and LAT X – ray
There is no special preparation required before undergoing an X – Ray Mandible AP and LAT. The patient can go to a radiologist and get it done right away. However, the doctor may inquire about the medical history of the patient since it may affect the procedure or the patient’s overall well-being, e.g., if the patient is pregnant, undergoing any other medical treatment, have a diet restriction, or had any past medical illness or surgery.
Post-care after Mandibular AP and LAT X-ray
Mandibular AP and LAT X – rays have no side effects. Patients will be able to return to their normal daily activities immediately.
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