Varicella Zoster IgG

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Overview Brief

Varicella-zoster IgG means varicella immunoglobulin G antibody that a body produces against varicella zoster virus.

What is Varicella-Zoster IgG Test?

Varicella-zoster IgG helps the body to fight against varicella zoster virus that is a communicable virus. Varicella-zoster IgG test determines the varicella antibodies in the blood of a person. Varicella-zoster virus is responsible for the disease chickenpox. The varicella-zoster virus also causes shingles, which produces rashes in the body [1].

Why is Varicella-Zoster IgG Test Suggested?

A doctor may suggest varicella IgG test because of the following reasons:

  • To diagnose chickenpox and shingles.
  • To know the immunity of the person against the virus after recovering from illness.
  • If a person suffers from a sore throat, headache, fever, and rashes in the body [1].

How is Varicella-Zoster IgG Test Performed?

Varicella-Zoster IgG test is performed in a lab by the lab personnel.

  • The health professional cleans the area of sample withdrawal.
  • A needle helps to draw the blood if the sample required is a blood sample.
  • The health professional seals the punctured area with a bandage.

Varicella-zoster IgG test confirms the symptoms of the chickenpox or shingles.

What are the Parameters Measured in Varicella Zoster IgG Test?

The parameters measured by varicella zoster IgG test are:

  • Varicella-zoster IgG antibodies.
  • Varicella-zoster virus in a person who had a past infection.

Preparation before Performing Varicella-Zoster IgG Test

There are no prior preparations before the test.

Post-care After Varicella-Zoster IgG Test

The post-care measure includes:

  • Isolate the patient to prevent communication of infection.
  • Follow the doctor’s advice accordingly.

Sample Types in Varicella Zoster IgG Test

The sample types in Varicella Zoster IgG test are [2]:

  • Blood
  • Cerebrospinal fluid.
  • Body tissues.

Side Effects/ Risks of Varicella-Zoster IgG Test

The risks and side effects of varicella-zoster IgG test are as follows.

  • Bruising due to blood withdrawal by the needle.
  • Clotting under the skin.

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