A large number of people in India, approximately 540 in 10000 people, are affected by the typhoid disease and for its proper management it has to be diagnosed by an easy-to-perform and definitive test which is Typhidot test. Here you’ll learn about Typhidot test, method of its performance, risks involved and more.
What is typhidot?
Typhidot is a simple, reliable and rapid test that is used to test a person for typhoid disease. A dot ELISA kit is used in typhidot which detects IgG and IgM antibodies which arise in blood to counter bacterial or viral infections. In 2-3 days, the typhidot test gets positive if the person has typhoid. Typhidot is a very simple test does not require expert training and is widely used in third-world countries.
Why is typhidot suggested?
Patient would be required to be Typhidot tested to confirm or rule out typhoid disease when,
- The patient has high fever.
- Headache, stomachache, and muscle-pain are present.
- Bowel habits are changed with vomiting.
How is typhidot performed?
Typhidot test is quite simply performed and is also much preferred for the same.
- Blood is taken using loop.
- 35 μl of blood is added to sample well.
- Buffer is added to square well on the strip.
- 30 μl of serum is added to the oval well on strip.
Result of rapid typhidot can be read after 15-20 minutes.
What are the parameters measured in typhidot?
Typhidot detects antibodies against typhoid causing bacteria.
- IgG indicate remote infection
- IgM indicate recent infection
Preparation before performing typhidot
Although no special preparations are required before going for typhidot test, keep the following in mind.
- Inform your doctor of underlying allergies.
- Inform your doctor about any other health conditions.
Post-care after typhidot
No special post-care is required after typhidot test.
Sample types in typhidot
Following common samples are taken for typhidot test:
- Blood sample
- Serum sample
Side effects/risks of typhidot?
There are no side effects of typhidot test.