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Toxoplasma gondii – IgG

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Overview

The Toxoplasma gondii (T.gondii) method is used to identify T.gondii antibodies in the blood. Sometimes, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of immunosuppressed patients or the amniotic fluid of pregnant mothers is also tested.

What is the Toxoplasma gondii IgG test?

The Toxoplasma gondii (T.gondii) test detects the presence of parasites present in AIDS or transplant patients who have a weak immune system (immunosuppressed), which can cause brain inflammation. The parasite can also cause fetal death or abnormalities, like blindness, in the fetus during pregnancy.

Why is the Toxoplasma gondii IgG test suggested?

The test is a blood test and is ordered when a pregnant woman or an immunosuppressed patient is exposed to T.gondii through contaminated food, raw meat, etc.

The test is also recommended when a person has flu-like systems including

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Headache/body ache.
  • Sore throat.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.

 It is also scheduled when seizures or mental changes occur.

How is the Toxoplasma gondii IgG test performed?

The nurse/lab technician rinses the skin with an alcohol pad, inserts a needle into a vein on the rinsed skin, draws the blood, and stores it in a vial.

What are the parameters measured in the Toxoplasma gondii IgG test?

The test measures the level of T.gondii antibodies in the blood. A positive test result indicates the presence of HIV. A negative result indicates that HIV is not detected. Further tests may be performed to reach conclusive results.

Preparation before performing the Toxoplasma gondii IgG test

There is no fasting required before the test unless stated by the doctor in advance.

Post-care after Toxoplasma gondii IgG

The patient should avoid any strenuous activity throughout the day after the test.

Sample types in Toxoplasma gondii IgG

A blood/amniotic fluid/cerebrospinal fluid sample is required for this test.

Side effects/risks of Toxoplasma gondii IgG

The side effects of the blood test may include

  • Bleeding
  • Discomfort
  • Swelling
  • Slight bruising or throbbing at the needle site.

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