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Total Leucocyte Count

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Overview

White blood cells (leukocytes) are essential components of the blood. The Total Leukocyte Count provides the absolute number of leukocytes present in the blood.

What is the Total Leukocyte Count?

The total leucocyte count is represented by the total number of leucocytes, which are represented on their own as a differential count in terms of percentage.

The different leukocytes that make up the Total Leukocyte Count in the blood are

  • Neutrophils
  • Eosinophil
  • Basophils
  • Monocytes
  • Lymphocytes

Why is a Total Leukocyte Count suggested?

Total Leukocyte Count is requested to find the presence of

  • Infections
  • Inflammation
  • Allergic reaction.
  • Leukemia
  • Medication side-effect.

How is a Total Leukocyte Count performed?

The Total Leukocyte Count as a part of a routine complete blood count (CBC). It is performed in the following steps:

  • An area over the vein is sanitized with an antiseptic solution before the test.
  • A blood sample is collected when a needle inserted in the vein.

What are the parameters measured in the Total Leukocyte Count?

Total Leukocyte Count measures the absolute number of white blood cells in a blood sample.

Preparation before performing the Total Leukocyte Count

A Total Leukocyte Count has no specific preparation prior to collecting the blood sample.

The patient should, however, inform the doctor about their current medication.

Post-care after the Total Leukocyte Count

The Total Leukocyte Count is a simple outpatient procedure and does not require any specific after-care.

Sample types in the Total Leukocyte Count

The normal Total Leukocyte Count is 4,500 to 11,000 WBC per microliter (4.5 to 11.0 × 109/L).

  • Low values are common in bone marrow disease, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunodeficiency disorders, and even stress.
  • High values indicate steroid use, epinephrine, heparin, and other medications

If you have an abnormal Total Leukocyte Count, you must seek a general physician as soon as possible. Download the mfine app today.

Side effects/risks of the Total Leukocyte Count

The following side effects may occur in the Total Leukocyte test:

  • Lightheadedness
  • Excessive bleeding even after needle withdrawal.
  • Multiple punctures to locate a good vein.

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