Serum Albumin

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Overview Brief

Serum albumin is a type of protein present in human blood. A serum albumin test tells the amount of albumin present in the blood.

What is Serum Albumin Test?

Serum albumin is the most abundant protein in the blood made by the liver. Serum albumin contains many hormones and enzymes for the body [2]. An abnormal amount of serum albumin in the blood shows the abnormal functioning of the liver and the kidneys. Therefore, a serum albumin test can help to diagnose kidney and liver problems.

Why is Serum Albumin Test Suggested?

A doctor may suggest the serum albumin test if a person suffers from:

  • Vomiting
  • Yellow skin and dark urine.
  • Fever
  • Weight loss and tiredness. [2]

If any of the symptoms are persistent, a person should undergo the serum albumin test as soon as possible.

How is Serum Albumin Test Performed?

A serum albumin test is easy to perform.

  • The lab assistant draws the blood from the patient’s vein.
  • The blood sample is treated and tested in the lab.
  • The reports of the patient are prepared for analysis.

A level of 3.4 to 5.4 g/dL indicates a normal level of albumin. [1]

What are the Parameters Measured in Serum Albumin test?

The parameters measured by the serum albumin test are:

  • Albumin
  • Nitrogen in urea.
  • [1]Creatinine

Preparation before Performing Serum Albumin Test

The preparations involved with the test are:

  • Discontinue using some medicines as these may interfere with the test results.

Post-care after Serum Albumin test

The post care steps after the Serum Albumin test are

  • Follow the doctor’s advice carefully.

Sample Types in Serum Albumin Test

  • Blood

Side effects/Risks of Serum Albumin?

The risks involved with the test are:

  • Bruising due to the needle.
  • No other risks or side effects involved.

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