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Protein C Antigen

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Overview of PROTEIN C ANTIGEN TEST

Protein C Antigen Test measures the amount of Protein C Antigen in the plasma. Protein C test Antigen Test is done to verify and characterize Protein C deficiency. Protein C is a protein which helps blood clot normally.

What is PROTEIN C ANTIGEN TEST?

Protein C Antigen Test is helpful in monitoring decreased concentration of  Protein C in the blood. Protein C Antigen Test is done to differentiate between Type I Protein C deficiency (congenital) and Type II Protein C deficiency.

Why is PROTEIN C ANTIGEN TEST suggested?

Protein C antigen test is suggested for the following reasons:

  • Profiling of Protein C deficiency, Type I and Type II.
  • Diagnosis of Thrombophilia.
  • Diagnosis of Vitamin K deficiency.

How is PROTEIN C ANTIGEN TEST performed?

Protein C Antigen Test is performed as follows:

  • Blood is withdrawn from a vein in the forearm.
  • Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) performed.

The result of the Protein C Antigen Test is received within 24-48 hours.

What are the parameters measured in PROTEIN C ANTIGEN TEST?

The parameter measured in Protein C Antigen Test is the amount of Protein C antigen in the blood. If the value of Protein C antigen is less than 70% to 75% it could indicate the occurrence of Protein C deficiency.

Preparation before performing PROTEIN C ANTIGEN TEST

Preparation before performing a Protein C Antigen Test involves:

  • Wait ten days after the thrombotic episode.
  • Do not consume oral warfarin or other blood thinners two-three weeks before the test.
  • Do not consume birth control pills.

Post-care after PROTEIN C ANTIGEN TEST

Post-care not required after performing the Protein C  Antigen Test.

Sample types in PROTEIN C ANTIGEN TEST

Sample type in Protein C Antigen Test are:

  • 3 ml of whole blood.

Side effects/risks of PROTEIN C ANTIGEN TEST

There are no major side effects associated with Protein C Antigen Test, one might experience slight pain at the location of blood withdrawal but that will go away quickly.

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