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Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA

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Overview

Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test is done in the screening of prostate cancer. It measures the levels of PSA antigen, both bound and free, in the blood.

What is Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA ?

Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test measures levels of PSA in blood. PSA is an enzyme produced by the prostate glands, it is essential for the production of healthy semen. Elevated levels of PSA could indicate chances of prostate cancer or an enlarged prostate.

Why is Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA suggested?

Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test is suggested if there are indications of high   PSA such as :

  • Enlarged prostate
  • Inflamed prostate
  • Possibility of prostate cancer

How is Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA performed?

The Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test  test is a blood test.It is performed in the following manner:

  • Sample blood is collected from the vein in the forearm.
  • Sample is sent to lab to get tested

The Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test takes a few minutes to conduct.

What are the parameters measured in Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA ?

Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test is done to measure levels of free PSA in the blood. Higher  levels (>4.0 ng/ml) of total PSA indicate higher chances of prostate cancer.

Preparation before performing Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA

           Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test doesn’t require much preparation:

  • Inform the doctor of any medication you are on.

Post-care after Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA

No post care is needed after Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test

Sample types in Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA

           The sample type in Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test  is :

  • 5ml- 2 ml of blood.

Side effects/risks of Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA

The risk associated with the Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test  are :

  • A small bruise at the site of blood withdrawal.
  • A small hematoma may occur.

Prostate Specific Antigen (Total) PSA Test must be conducted carefully by professionals.

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