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PIK3CA

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Overview

The PIK3CA test is a genetic test for detecting any kind of abnormal behavior in the PIK3A gene.

What is PIK3CA?

PIK3CA is a mutation analysis test to detect abnormalities in the PIK3A gene for diagnosing cancer.

Why is PIK3CA suggested?

Your doctor will ask you to get a PIK3CA test in case you have developed

  • Red and firm nodules.
  • Pain in the bones.
  • Face, arm, or neck swelling.
  • Headaches, dizziness, weakness, or numbness in the limbs.
  • Jaundice
  • Any lumps in the collar bone or the neck area.
  • A flat sore that has a scaly crust.
  • A new sore that forms over an old ulcer or a scar.
  • A rough and scaly patch on the lip that can develop into an open sore.
  • Red sores or patches inside the mouth.
  • Any red or swollen sore in the anus or in the genital area.

How is PIK3CA performed?

The PIK3CA test is done using a variety of methods including

  • The In-situ hybridization technique.
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Next-generation sequencing.
  • Polymerase chain reaction.
  • Comparative genomic hybridization.
  • Karyotyping (including spectral karyotyping).
  • mRNA analysis.
  • Tissue microarrays.
  • Southern blot test.
  • Northern blot test.
  • Western blot test.
  • Eastern blot test.

This is how a PIK3CA test is performed.

What are the parameters measured in PIK3CA?

The PIK3CA test is performed on:

  • A fresh tumor during biopsy.
  • Solid tumor tissue that has been treated with formalin and embedded in paraffin.
  • Unstained tissue slides.

The test process differs across laboratories.

Preparation before performing PIK3CA

There is no special preparation necessary for a PIK3CA test.

Post-care after PIK3CA

There is no post-care necessary after PIK3CA test.

Sample types in PIK3CA

The sample type in PIK3CA test is a tissue sample.

Find out more about the PIK3CA test from mfine. Download the mfine app today.

Side effects/risks of PIK3CA

Certain medications may influence the results of the PIK3CA test. You should inform your doctor about all the medicines that you are consuming to avoid a wrong diagnosis.

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