Peripheral blood smear study is considered the gold standard for diagnosis of malaria caused by the Plasmodium parasite transmitted from female Anopheles mosquitoes.
What Is Peripheral Smear Test For Malaria?
A peripheral blood smear is a reliable test in detecting malaria and it’s an effective diagnosis.
A patient’s blood sample is applied to and spread onto a slide in a smear test. It is stained with Giemsa and fixed onto a microscope. The slide is observed for malaria-causing parasite Plasmodium and identify its species if possible.
A thick or thin blood smear slide may be prepared based on the case requirement.
Why Is Peripheral Smear Test For Malaria Suggested?
A peripheral smear blood test is suggested because:
- It is a reliable method to detect malaria.
- It can help identify the Plasmodium species causing malaria.
- It is relatively expensive.
How Is Peripheral Smear Test For Malaria Performed?
Peripheral smear test for malaria is performed as follows:
- Patient’s finger is pricked for a blood sample.
- The blood sample is smeared onto a slide and prepared.
- It is observed under a microscope to identify the presence and density of Plasmodium.
Based on requirements a thick or thin smear may be prepared.
What Are The Parameters Measured In Peripheral Smear Test For Malaria?
When a thick blood smear is prepared, it is mostly used for detecting the presence of malaria parasites whereas a thin film can establish the species of malaria-causing the infection.
Preparation Before Performing Peripheral Smear Test For Malaria
No preparation is necessary before a blood smear test.
Post-Care After Peripheral Smear Test For Malaria
No post-care is required for a peripheral blood smear test.
Sample Types In Peripheral Smear Test For Malaria
Either of the two sample types are used in a peripheral smear test for malaria:
Side Effects/Risks Of Peripheral Smear Test For Malaria
There is little risk involved in collecting blood samples for a malaria smear test.