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Overview Brief

If you’re going to have a urobilinogen test and troubled about why do you have to undergo this test, read on to find it here. This article will let you know the definition, purpose, procedure, preparations required risks and of urobilinogen test.

What is urobilinogen test?

Urobilinogen test is a urine test to measure the amount of urobilinogen in urine. Bilirubin is a liver substance that helps to break down RBCs, the reduction in which creates urobilinogen. Normal amounts of urobilinogen are present in healthy livers. Abnormally low or high urobilinogen represent blockage in the liver or diseases like hepatitis, cirrhosis, hemolytic anemia respectively.

Why is urobilinogen test suggested?

Urobilinogen test is primarily suggested to assess liver functioning.

  • When you’ve symptoms of jaundice.
  • When there are nausea/vomiting, dark-colored urine or abdominal pain.
  • Or as a routine health check-up test.

How is the urobilinogen test performed?

Urobilinogen test can be usually done at doctor’s or test-providers’ clinic.

  • Clean your genitals properly.
  • Collect the urine sample up to marking in a sterile container.
  • Provide the sample to health-technician.

The sample will be analyzed in the laboratory for urobilinogen and results will be explained by your doctor.

What are the parameters measured in urobilinogen test?

In Urobilinogen test, amount of urobilinogen in urine is measured against other chemicals and substances to monitor liver functioning.

Preparation before performing urobilinogen

Inform your doctor of any underlying medical condition before having urobilinogen test.

  • Inform if you’re having menstruation for specific instructions for urobilinogen test.
  • Some test-providers may recommend fasting if blood tests are also carried.
  • Clean your hands and genitals properly before collecting.

Post-care after urobilinogen test

There isn’t much specific post-care required after urobilinogen test. You may,

  • Eat and drink well if you’ve fasted.

Sample types in urobilinogen test

About 10 ml of the sample is to be stored in a sterile cup.[1]

  • A urine sample (random).

Side effects/risks of urobilinogen test

Risks of urobilinogen test aren’t to worry about and can be easily avoided.

  • Procedures may get limited due to insufficient volume.
  • High intake of vitamin C may affect results of urobilinogen test.
  • Using a Foley catheter for collection may cause infection or damage.

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